In the project, ten different demonstration cases are used to show how biomass cultivation can be linked to the near-industrial-scale production of various biobased products.
Crops used in the project
Hemp is a crop that provides raw material for industrial applications. Example applications are: bast fibre (pulp and paper; insulation materials, composites for the automotive industry), shives (animal bedding, building materials), seeds (feed, oil, specialty foods, cosmetics), leaves and inflorescence (pharmaceuticals).
Miscanthus is a perennial C4 grass originating from South-East Asia. It is a very resource-efficient crop which, after a two-year establishment period, can yield up to 25 tonnes of dry matter a year in Central Europe. It can be harvested annually over a cultivation period of up to twenty years. The application of herbicides is only necessary during the establishment phase. Its biomass can be used for a wide range of utilization pathways including combustion, conversion to bioethanol, production of building materials and of basic chemicals.