GoldenGolden
Advanced Search
Brazil

Brazil

Federal Republic in South America

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Brazilian Portuguese: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: audio speaker iconRepública Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3,300,000 sq mi)[12] and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world; as well as the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest, as environmental degradation through processes like deforestation has direct impacts on global issues like climate change and biodiversity loss.

Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808 when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Brazil is a regional and middle power, and an emerging power. Brazil is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in South America. It is considered an advanced emerging economy, having the twelfth largest GDP in the world by nominal, and eighth by PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. However, the country maintains high amounts of corruption, crime and social inequality. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

Timeline

June 15, 2020
WhatsApp launches payments, starting in Brazil.

March 4, 2020
Radisson announces opening of Radisson Hotel Oscar Freire at Rua da Consolação, 3555 Cerqueira Cesar, São Paulo, Brazil.
December 30, 2019
Brazil's Ministry Of Justice fined U.S. tech giant Facebook Inc 6.6 million-real ($1.64 million) for improperly sharing user data.
September 20, 2019
Japan's SoftBank Group Corp mulls bringing around 40 companies with high growth potential to Brazil.
2011
Walmart launches an e-commerce division in Brazil in 2011, selling directly to consumers.

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
By The Associated Press
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
Brazil's Ministry of Health on Thursday confirmed two more cases of the new variant of the coronavirus omicron in the country.They are two people who boarded in South Africa, passed through Ethiopia, landed in Guarulhos, and finally arrived in Brasilia.
By BERNARD McGHEE
December 2, 2021
AP NEWS
They both carved out sterling reputations as military and political leaders over years of public service. But both also saw their legacies tarnished by the long, bloody war in Iraq.Former Secretary of State Colin Powell and former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld are among the many noteworthy people who died in 2021.
By DIANE JEANTET
November 4, 2021
AP NEWS
RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) -- Brazil held its much-anticipated auction for build-out of the nation's fifth-generation wireless network on Thursday, with the open question of whether China's Huawei telecommunications company will be involved.
By DIANE JEANTET and TATIANA POLLASTRI
October 29, 2021
AP NEWS
JUNDIAI, Brazil (AP) -- Brazilian and American scientists on Thursday tranquilized a wild-born female jaguar now living in a protected area in Sao Paulo state. They're hoping the 110-pound feline named Bianca could make history for the second time in two years.
Tom Phillips in Rio de Janeiro
October 12, 2021
the Guardian
In a petition to the international criminal court experts said the 'mass deforestation' poses a clear danger
SHOW MORE

References

Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.