**Sacred geometry** is a part of the mythological and religious worldview, the result of mystical experience. Sacred geometry has been used at all times and in all world religions, in music, art, in the architecture of temples and altars, in painting and iconography - as divine proportionality, in the geometric interpretation of the cosmos - as a form of the ordering of the Universe (as opposed to chaos).

The term sacred geometry is used by archaeologists, anthropologists, philosophers, cultural scientists and people whose work is related to spiritual activity. It is used to encompass a system of religious, philosophical and spiritual archetypes that have been observed in various cultures throughout human history and are somehow connected with geometric views regarding the structure of the universe and man. This term covers all Pythagorean and Neoplatonic geometries, referring also to the geometry of concave spaces and fractals.

**From Golden Ratio to Feng Shui**

We live in a geometrically regulated world where the actions of the physical plane obey the laws of mathematics. Creation is directly expressed through harmony. Sacred geometry defines the laws of being and brings them to a person through the language of numbers, angles, shapes and relationships. Sacred geometry describes the forces of self-organization that shape the world. It measures the harmonic vibrations that sustain life on all levels of being.

The science of sacred geometry combines the material aspects of creation with the spiritual essence. This is the interaction of the visible and the invisible, the manifested and the unmanifested, the finite and the infinite.

Sacred geometry has played and continues to play a major role in the art, architecture and philosophy of many cultures for thousands of years. There are several examples of the action of sacred geometry in different eras and cultures.

When the **Hindus** were about to build any kind of religious building, they first executed a simple geometric drawing on the ground, properly determining the directions to the east and west and building a square on their basis. After that, the whole building was erected. Geometric calculations were accompanied by chants and prayers.

The **Christian** religion uses the cross as its main symbol (in ancient times it appeared in the form of an unfolded cube). Many Gothic cathedrals were built using calculations specific to the cube.

The ancient **Egyptians** discovered that regular polygons could be enlarged by adding a strictly defined area (which would later be called a gnomon by the Greeks).

The spirals on the pillars of ancient **Greek** temples were placed in a rotating rectangle, a method of creating a logarithmic spiral.

Sacred geometric shapes are not just works of art. They must be perceived in connection with those innermost phenomena that they help to express and decorate. We see harmony expressed by emotions, feelings and characteristics, concluded directly within ourselves. This harmony is regarded in initiatory science as the Divine Proportion.

The Divine Proportion inherent in our state of being is expressed as follows. For three quantities - the largest of them AB, the average CB, the smaller AC - the ratio of the largest to the average is equal to the ratio of the average to the smallest. AB/CB = CB/AC = 1.618.

Confirmation of the harmony of the microworld is noted in this geometric principle - the principle of the golden section. This is a unique principle that can be found at all levels of being. Kepler considered the golden ratio to be a priceless treasure. The divine proportion was carefully studied by the Greek sculptor Phidias, so she was given the name Phi. It is known as the golden mean, the mystical ratio, the Fibonacci series. The Phi number can be found everywhere in the Universe: from the spirals of galaxies to the spiral of a seashell, from musical harmony to harmony in art. The phi-attitude evokes positive emotions and an uplifting of aesthetic feelings.

The ancient Egyptians used it in the construction of great pyramids and in the design of hieroglyphs found on the walls of tombs. The people of Mexico used Phi's law when building the Pyramid of the Sun. The Parthenon in Athens is an example of the use of the Golden Rectangle. During the Renaissance, cathedrals and temples were built on the basis of the Phi proportion. Masters such as Michelangelo, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci deliberately used the PHI-proportion, because they knew about its attractiveness to the audience.

Sacred geometry provides a means for seeing the manifestations of God and His diversity in the universal order of things. This idea is especially evident in Islam and Hinduism. Mosques contain many keys to the structure of the Cosmos, symbols of the world as a creation of God.

Various ritual and occult buildings have similar geometric shapes. Each geometric figure that underlies any structure has a torsion field peculiar to it alone, which affects the world of information and energy.

Since sacred geometry reflects the Universe, its pure forms and dynamic balance pursue a high goal: achieving spiritual integrity through self-reflection, i.e. finding a way for understanding, finding the reasons for the existence of things, traveling inside the subconscious, going beyond the three-dimensional world and comprehending the principles of the world order. A real work of sacred architecture also stands out with its forms beyond the limits of three-dimensional space, leaving for those who can rise to its correct understanding an unlimited field for spiritual activity and expansion of consciousness.

### Timeline

### Further Resources

A Beginner's Guide to Constructing the Universe: Mathematical Archetypes of Nature

Schneider, Michael S.

Curlie - Society: Religion and Spirituality: Arts: Visual: Sacred Geometry and Art

Web

Gothic cathedrals and sacred geometry

Lesser, George

Homage to Pythagoras: Rediscovering Sacred Science

Bamford, Christopher

Islamic Patterns: An Analytical and Cosmological Approach

Critchlow, Keith