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Rome

Rome

Capital city of Italy

Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma [ˈroːma] ) is the capital city of Italy. It is also the capital of the Lazio region, the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, and a special comune named Comune di Roma Capitale. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), Rome is the country's most populated comune and the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome, with a population of 4,355,725 residents, is the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Its metropolitan area is the third-most populous within Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. Vatican City (the smallest country in the world) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city. Rome is often referred to as the City of Seven Hills due to its geographic location, and also as the "Eternal City". Rome is generally considered to be the "cradle of Western Christian culture and civilization", and the center of the Catholic Church.

Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it a major human settlement for almost three millennia and one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first-ever Imperial city and metropolis. It was first called The Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna; Italian: La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy. Rome is also called "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). After the fall of the Empire in the west, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century, it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors, and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.

In 2019, Rome was the 11th most visited city in the world, with 10.1 million tourists, the third most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in Italy. Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialised agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international businesses, such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Rome's EUR business district is the home of many oil industry, the pharmaceutical industry, and financial services companies. The presence of renowned international brands in the city has made Rome an important centre of fashion and design, and the Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.

Timeline

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Rome 4K Walking Tour - With Captions [4K/60fps]

Web

September 8, 2021

Rome Italy travel guide - Tips for first-time visitors

Web

March 19, 2009

Rome, Italy - 4K Virtual Walking Tour around the City - Travel Guide

Web

August 23, 2019

Things to know BEFORE you go to ROME | Travel Tips

Web

July 3, 2019

TOP 10 Things to do in ROME

Web

November 30, 2017

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
October 29, 2021
AP NEWS
ROME (AP) -- The Latest on the Group of 20 summit taking place in Rome:ROME -- British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says he unsuccessfully pressed President Xi Jinping to increase China's carbon-cutting goals ahead of a key United Nations climate change summit.
September 26, 2021
The Economic Times
The ministry of external affairs in a one-line communique, which reached the secretariat during the day said the "event is not commensurate for (attendance at) the level of chief minister," a secretariat official said. BJP meanwhile said that the decision was taken on well-established norms and protocols, and that there is no politics in it.
The Associated Press
September 20, 2021
CTVNews
A Rome court has rejected a request by Venezuela to extradite its former oil czar to face corruption charges, citing the country's record in violating human rights, his Italian lawyer said Monday.
Peter Sayer
September 20, 2021
CIO
CIOs weigh in on ServiceNow's latest Now platform update, which aims to make enterprise processes easier for employees to navigate, whether in the office, hybrid, or remote.
Dove Press
August 30, 2021
news.google.com
Evaluating the mechanism of action, efficacy, safety, storage temperature, dose units, vaccinal strategy, and alternative compounds for COVID-19 vaccines.
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References

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