Joseph Goebbels was a German politician, journalist, novelist, screenwriter, writer, and demagogue born on October 29, 1897, in Rheydt. He held citizenship in Germany. Goebbels had his education at various universities including the University of Bonn, Heidelberg University, the University of Freiburg, and the University of Würzburg. He was the founder of the Reichsmusikkammer, an organization that regulated and controlled music in Nazi Germany. Goebbels died on May 1, 1945, in Berlin.