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Barcelona

Barcelona

city on the coast of northeastern Spain

Barcelona (/ˌbɑːrsəˈloʊnə/ BAR-sə-LOH-nə, Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a city on the coast of northeastern Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the fifth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, the Ruhr area, Madrid, and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of which is 512 metres (1,680 feet) high.

Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After joining with the Kingdom of Aragon to form the confederation of the Crown of Aragon, Barcelona, which continued to be the capital of the Principality of Catalonia, became the most important city in the Crown of Aragon and the main economic and administrative centre of the Crown, only to be overtaken by Valencia, wrested from Arab domination by the Catalans, shortly before the dynastic union between the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon in 1492. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The city is home to two of the most prestigious universities in Spain: the University of Barcelona and Pompeu Fabra University. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.

Barcelona is a major cultural, economic, and financial centre in southwestern Europe, as well as the main biotech hub in Spain. As a leading world city, Barcelona's influence in global socio-economic affairs qualifies it for global city status (Beta +).

Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year,an extensive motorway network, and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe.

Timeline

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

🇬🇧 Barcelona vlog - TRAVEL GUIDE & FOOD TOUR | La Boqueria Market | Beach | Sagrada Familia | Spain

Web

December 15, 2021

3 Days in BARCELONA - Gothic Quarter, Sagrada Familia, Best Food Market, Park Guell | Full Itinerary

Web

February 21, 2020

Barcelona - History

Web

May 4, 2020

Barcelona 4K - Driving Downtown - Mediterranean Metropolis

Web

August 4, 2021

Barcelona TOP 10 | Things to do in Barcelona

Web

April 25, 2018

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Sports Desk
August 26, 2021
News18
UEFA Champions League group stage draw was held on Thursday, August 26 in Istanbul, Turkey.
Barca Blaugranes Staff
August 23, 2021
Barca Blaugranes
The defender is "amazed" he was wanted by the GOAT
Sebastian Klovig Skelton
August 23, 2021
ComputerWeekly.com
The chief digital and technology officers of London and Barcelona speak to Computer Weekly about their joint initiative launched with other cities to promote the ethical deployment of artificial intelligence in urban spaces
Renato Gonçalves
August 21, 2021
Barca Blaugranes
Athletic were as tough as advertised and Barça showed good fight in the second half
August 21, 2021
news.google.com
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