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Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus

Renaissance mathematician, polish astronomer, physician

Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish Mikołaj Kopernik, German Nikolaus Kopernikus, (born February 19, 1473, Toruń, Royal Prussia, Poland—died May 24, 1543, Frauenburg, East Prussia [now Frombork, Poland]), Polish astronomer who proposed that the planets have the Sun as the fixed point to which their motions are to be referred; that Earth is a planet which, besides orbiting the Sun annually, also turns once daily on its own axis; and that very slow long-term changes in the direction of this axis account for the precession of the equinoxes. This representation of the heavens is usually called the heliocentric, or “Sun-centred,” system—derived from the Greek helios, meaning “Sun.” Copernicus’s theory had important consequences for later thinkers of the Scientific Revolution, including such major figures as Galileo, Kepler, Descartes, and Newton. Copernicus probably hit upon his main idea sometime between 1508 and 1514, and during those years he wrote a manuscript usually called the Commentariolus (“Little Commentary”). However, the book that contains the final version of his theory, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium libri vi (“Six Books Concerning the Revolutions of the Heavenly Orbs”), did not appear in print until 1543, the year of his death.

Timeline

February 19, 1473
Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Toruń.

Patents

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

5 The Universe Nicolaus Copernicus

Web

January 18, 2013

Biography of Nicolaus Copernicus, Know all about Heliocentrism astronomical model

Web

August 25, 2019

Copernicus - 100 Greatest Discoveries

Web

February 19, 2013

Copernicus - Astronomer | Mini-Bio | BIO

Web

July 8, 2013

Copernicus - BrainPOP UK

Web

July 10, 2021

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
August 7, 2021
The Wire Science
Even as materialist interpretations of the cosmos took the place of mythological ones through history, the idea that there might be other beings in the sky has stayed with us.
Caleb Scharf
January 20, 2021
Nautilus
The central university library at Cambridge, in the United Kingdom, is an imposing, towered building known affectionately for being...By Caleb Scharf
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