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U.S. Intelligence Community (IC)

U.S. Intelligence Community (IC)

The United States Intelligence Community refers to a coalition of eighteen organizations that deal with different aspects of U.S. Intelligence.

Overview

The U.S. Intelligence Community is a coalition of eighteen organizations, each addressing a different area of U.S. Intelligence. The IC's actions and objectives are determined by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) and other U.S. policymakers who, working with the Intelligence Community's team, identify informational needs, concerns, and strategies. That said, the Intelligence Community has ongoing projects to gather and analyze intel in order to address the issues of terrorism, cybercrime, and weapons proliferation. The Intelligence Community produces products for use by the U.S. government and policymakers. This includes the President's Daily Brief, along with National Intelligence Estimates and other reports. These intelligence reports are prioritized by the National Security Strategy set out each year.

The USIC is overseen by groups inside and outside the community, including the president, National Security Council, the Presidents Intelligence Advisory Board, the Intelligence Oversight Board, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and more. The Intelligence Community also partners with U.S. Military; Federal, State, and Local Law Enforcement in addition to

Foreign Intelligence Agency Counterparts; Foreign Military Counterparts and Private Sector partners in order to achieve their goals. They are assisted in the management of their partnerships by the Office of Partner Engagement (PE) , within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The Office of Partner Engagement works with the IC and partners on integration and collaboration between all entities.

Priorities and policies are established according to the Intelligence Community Directives as put forth by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI). Avril Haines is the current Director of National Intelligence since her appointment on January 21, 2021.

Mission

"The Intelligence Community's mission is to collect, analyze, and deliver foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information to America's leaders so they can make sound decisions to protect our country. Our customers include the president, policy-makers, law enforcement, and the military".

Organizations within the Intelligence Community
Independent agencies

Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI): The DNI is the principal advisor to the president as well as the head of the Intelligence Community. They work with the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence to manage and address national security interests. The DNI is appointed by the president with approval from the Senate. This offices manages national intelligence and the workings of the intelligence community. The DNI was established in 2004 by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, an amendment to the The National Security Act of 1947. The ODNI works towards mission integration acting as the National Intelligence Mangers (NIM) through the following mission centers:

  • National Counterproliferation Center (NCPC)
  • National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC)
  • National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): The CIA provides national security intelligence to policy makers; their director is appointed by the president, with approval from the senate, and acts as the National Human Source Intelligence manager. The CIA includes seven departments: Directorate of Analysis, Directorate of Operations, Directorate of Science and Technology, Directorate of Support, Directorate of Digital Innovation, Mission Centers, and Offices of the Director.

Defense Elements

Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA): The DIA is a defense and combat support agency and is a major producer of foreign military intelligence. The director of the DIA serves as the principal adviser to the secretary of defense and to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding military intelligence, in addition to serving as the director of the Military Intelligence Board.

National Security Agency (NSA): The NSA is a highly technological and cryptologic organization that functions to protect U.S. information systems, in addition to producing foreign intelligence information. As such, they focus heavily on foreign language analysis and research and employ a wide array of specialists, including analysts, engineers, physicists, mathematicians, linguists, computer scientists, and researchers.

National Geospatial- Intelligence Agency (NGA): The NGA is a Department of Defense Combat Support Agency providing geospatial intel and support pertaining to national security threats as well as pursuing humanitarian efforts such as readiness for responses to natural disasters such as tracking floods and fires.

National Reconnaissance Office (NRO): NRO builds, develops, and monitors reconnaissance satellites in order to provide intelligence regarding national security threats and environmental concern. They provide products to both the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense. The NRO is a DOD agency.

Air Force Intelligence: The U.S. Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (USAF ISR) Enterprise provides intelligence from airborne, space, and cyberspace sensors. They are responsible for readiness and training, as well as providing intelligence for kinetic and non-kinetic effects on specified targets. USAF ISR is managed by AF/A2 - the USAF's Senior Intelligence Officer.

Army Intelligence and Security Command: G-2 manages the actions, objectives, policies and planning of the following five major military intelligence (MI) disciplines within the Army:Imagery Intelligence, Signals Intelligence, Human Intelligence, Measurement and Signature Intelligence, and Counterintelligence and Security Countermeasures.

Marine Corps Intelligence: Marine Corps Intelligence primarily supports and provides battlefield support intel. The intelligence provided by the the MCI is both tactical and operational including geospatial intelligence, advanced geospatial intelligence, signals intelligence, human intelligence, and counterintelligence.

U.S. Space Force: The USSF is the newest addition the the Intelligence community and provides intel regarding space capabilities, vulnerabilities, and any space related or foreign threats, as well as intel collected via space missions. As a part of the Department of the Air Force, the USSF is under the leadership of the Secretary of the Air Force.

Office of Naval Intelligence: The Naval Intelligence Office is one of the oldest in the community and is the lead organization responsible for maritime related intelligence for use by decision makers and warfighting forces.

Other Agencies

Department of Energy’s Office of Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence: The DOE protects intellectual property, technology, and national security information as well as providing scientific and technical support in response to foreign intelligence, terrorist and cyber threats.

Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Intelligence and Analysis: The DHS is responsible for accessing and identifying current and future threats based on intelligence from multiple other agencies. They collect, analyze, manage, and present information pertaining to homeland security.

U.S. Coast Guard Intelligence: The U.S. Coast Guard Intelligence focus is maritime safety, security, and stewardship. They provide intelligence relevant to matters of homeland security and the maritime domain.

Department of Justice’s Federal Bureau of Investigation: As both an intelligence and law enforcement agency, the FBI aims to balance tactile and strategic work in objectively addressing and identifying threats to national security.

Drug Enforcement Agency’s Office of National Security Intelligence: The DEA ONSI manages intelligence and information sharing within the U.S. Intelligence Community and homeland security elements with the aim of reducing the supply of drugs, protecting national security, and combating global terrorism.

Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research: The Bureau of Intelligence and Research is responsible for providing analysis of insights and global developments from all intelligence sources to the Secretary of State in order to aid the Department of State in policy issues and activities regarding the Intelligence Community. They monitor foreign affairs, provide public opinion poling, and analysis of events in order to provide early warning and response to serve national security interests.

Department of the Treasury’s Office of Intelligence and Analysis: The OIA is responsible for foreign intelligence and foreign counterintelligence information as it relates to the Department of the Treasury and is a component of the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI). As such, the OIA aim is to protect the financial system against all threats.

Timeline

Patents

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

America's intelligence community, explained

Web

June 7, 2014

Public's Daily Brief: Featured Articles

Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Web

References

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