Diagnostic and therapy combinations involving identification of patients most likely to be helped or harmed by a medication and targeted drug therapy based on those results.
An example of theranostics is the breast cancer drug Herceptin that targets the protein HER2 overexpressed in some breast cancers. HercepTest and Pathy-Vysion are two diagnostic tests used to detect tumors susceptible to the treatment.
Cancer patients may be given two radioactive drugs, first one that recognizes tumor cell membranes that can serve as a target for cancer drugs. If the tumor lights up on a PET scan, another radioactive drug is given that kills the tumor cells.
Theranostic Nanomedicine applies nanobiotechnology, the creation and application of nanobiomaterials and devices, to medical intervention for diagnosing, curing or preventing diseases through personized medicine, imaging and therapy.
Synthetic molecular and cellular biosensors hold potential in theranostics, whereby gene circuits could act like an intracellular molecular prosthesis, monitoring disease-associated biomarkers and adjust therapeutic response accordingly.
What is Theranostics?
Damien Jonas Wilson
What is Theranostics? - Cancer Treatment | Theranostics Australia
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- Cluster: BiotechnologyA cluster of topics related to biotechnology.
- Cluster: Stem cell technologyTechnology used for isolating, generating, growing and controlling the differentiation of stem cells into specialized cells and the application of stem cell technology for medical and non-medical purposes such as producing meat through cellular agriculture.
- Cluster: Synthetic biologyA cluster of topics related to synthetic biology.