Tatyana Vasilyevna Kazankina is a former Soviet/Russian runner and economist, born on December 17, 1951 in Petrovsk, Saratov Oblast. She holds citizenship in both the Soviet Union and Russia, and she studied at Saint Petersburg State University. Her occupation is listed as an economist. Kazankina is best known for setting seven world records and winning a total of three gold medals at the Olympic Games.
Kazankina has been recognized for her achievements with various awards. She is a Merited Master of Sports of the USSR and has won three Olympic gold medals in her athletic career. Her gold medals were from the 1976 Montreal Olympics in the 800-meter race, the 1976 Montreal Olympics in the 1500-meter race, and the 1980 Moscow Olympics in the 1500-meter race.