Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley

Subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States

Silicon Valley is a region in the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California that serves as a global center for high technology, innovation and social media. It corresponds roughly to the geographical Santa Clara Valley. San Jose is the Valley's largest city, the third largest in California, and the tenth largest in the United States. Other major Silicon Valley cities include Palo Alto, Menlo Park, Cupertino, Santa Clara, Mountain View, and Sunnyvale. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the third highest GDP per capita in the world (after Zurich, Switzerland and Oslo, Norway), according to the Brookings Institution.The word "silicon" in the name originally referred to the large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region, but the area is now home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of 39 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies. Silicon Valley also accounts for one-third of all of the venture capital investment in the United States, which has helped it to become a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation and scientific development. It was in the Valley that the silicon-based integrated circuit, the microprocessor, and the microcomputer, among other technologies, were developed. As of 2013, the region employed about a quarter of a million information technology workers.As more high-tech companies were established across San Jose and the Santa Clara Valley, and then north towards the Bay Area's two other major cities, San Francisco and Oakland, the "Silicon Valley" has come to have two definitions: a geographic one, referring to Santa Clara County, and a metonymical one, referring to all high-tech businesses in the Bay Area. The term is now generally used as a synecdoche for the American high-technology economic sector. The name also became a global synonym for leading high-tech research and enterprises, and thus inspired similar named locations, as well as research parks and technology centers with a comparable structure all around the world.




Further reading


Documentaries, videos and podcasts





Lucas Matney
January 21, 2020
Finding the right product/market fit is challenging for any company, but it's just a little harder for hardware startups. I recently visited the San Francisco offices of Nebia to chat with co-founder and CEO Philip Winter, whose eco-friendly hardware startup has received funding from Apple CEO Tim Cook, former Google CEO Eric Schmidt and Fitbit [...]
By Ryan Morrison For Mailonline
January 21, 2020
Mail Online
Researchers from Rowan University in New Jersey examined a range of selfies publicly posted to the Facebook owned social media platform.
Rob Thubron
January 20, 2020
Biden, who is currently campaigning to become the Democratic nomination for the 2020 presidential election, shared his opinions in an interview with the New York Times. When asked about Silicon Valley's expansion of power during his time in the Obama...
Eric Eldon
January 18, 2020
Hi everyone, my name is Eric Eldon and I'm the new writer of the Startups Weekly newsletter. I'll be picking my favorite explicitly startup-focused articles of the week for you from Extra Crunch (where I'm the editor now), as well as TechCrunch (where I was the co-editor years ago... long story). Some people tell us [...]
Kamal Hassan
January 13, 2020
Harvard Business Review
And why it needs to end.
Matthew Haag | NYT
January 5, 2020
Read more about How big tech is turning New York into a city that rivals Silicon Valley on Business Standard. Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google will soon have 20,000 workers in the city, many in a cluster of offices on the West Side
Steven Levy
December 26, 2019
Ten years ago, the entrepreneur-savants running Silicon Valley were treated like royalty. Now we know just how badly their bright ideas can backfire.
Julia Carrie Wong
December 20, 2019
the Guardian
'Calling out Silicon Valley's deceptions and distortions is something of a Guardian US tradition.' Photograph: Andrew Harnik/AP
Nellie Bowles and Kate Conger
December 19, 2019
All those tech I.P.O.s this year that were supposed to make people megarich only made them rich-ish.
Gilad Edelman
December 19, 2019
Seven presidential contenders take the debate stage Thursday. What will it mean for Silicon Valley if one of them wins the White House?
Lucas Matney
December 15, 2019
Hey everyone. Thank you for welcoming me into your inboxes yet again. I'm in Berlin where TechCrunch just pulled off another great Disrupt event, we've got a lot of great Europe-focused startup content on the site so get to scrolling if your interest is piqued. If you're reading this on the TechCrunch site, you can [...]
Shannon Bond
December 10, 2019
TikTok is one of the world's fastest growing apps, racking up 1.5 billion downloads and minting music hits. But the Chinese-owned app is also making people in Washington and Silicon Valley nervous.
Jason Cartwright
December 10, 2019
Delivering the best of technology news from Australia and around the globe since 2006.
Chris Merriman
December 10, 2019
Silicon Valley: Final episode review
Gregory Barber
December 9, 2019
Five coastal cities--San Francisco, San Jose, Seattle, San Diego, and Boston--gained the lion's share of lucrative "innovation industry" jobs from 2005 to 2017.
Eduardo Porter
December 9, 2019
A new report documents the concentration of cutting-edge industries in a few coastal areas and why lawmakers ought to be alarmed.
Katie Canales
December 8, 2019
Business Insider
In Silicon Valley's lax office culture, being barefoot in the workplace isn't a question of why, but why not?
Chelsea Whyte
December 4, 2019
New Scientist
Silicon Valley, HBO's hit series about the tech industry, has real laugh-out loud moments. But it lets the bosses off lightly when it tries to skewer their dubious moments, says Chelsea Whyte in her latest TV column
Walter Thompson
December 6, 2019
"Despite the fact that I went to MIT, despite the fact that I managed a billion-dollar product at JPMorgan Chase and even built a huge digital product, I was still a Silicon Valley outsider."
Mary Meisenzahl
December 5, 2019
Business Insider
Duolingo, based in Pittsburgh, is now considered a unicorn after a $30 million investment from CapitalG, Alphabet's investment fund.