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Robotics

Robotics

Robotics is an interdisciplinary field dedicated to the design, construction, and use of robots, or machines, to assist and mimic human actions by carrying out a series of complex actions. The goal of robotics is generally to design machines (robots) that can replicate certain human movements and functions automatically, usually to help and assist

Robotics is an interdisciplinary field dedicated to the design, construction, and use of robots, or machines, to assist and mimic human actions by carrying out a series of complex actions. Robotics incorporates core disciplines such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science.

Robots initially were built to perform monotonous tasks such as manufacturing cars on an assembly line, but have since developed to perform more complex work. Many robot applications are in environments either unsafe or impossible for humans to operate within. These include in space, underwater, in high heat, or high radiation environments.

While robots exist in many different types and forms, common characteristics include:

  1. Robots consist of some kind of mechanical construction designed to perform a specific task.
  2. Robots contain electrical components in order to power and control their machinery.
  3. Robots require computer programming of some kind to decide when or how to undertake a task.

Robots each have differing levels of autonomy, from human-controlled bots performing tasks fully controlled by a human to fully autonomous bots that can perform tasks without any human intervention.

Robotics theory & fundamentals

The design, construction, and operation of robots involves theory from a range of fields. Below is a list of topics related to robotics theory and fundamentals.

Applications

Robotics are used in a range of applications. Typical examples include performing:

  • monotonous or repetitive tasks with greater efficiency and accuracy than humans
  • tasks in unsafe environments not suitable for humans
  • jobs too physically demanding for humans
Military

Robots have many applications in the military. These include drones for surveillance or strikes, Modular Advanced Armed Robotic Systems (MAARS), tactical combat robots such as DOGO, or bomb disposal robots.

Manufacturing

The manufacturing industry has many repetitive tasks ideal for automation with robotics, including welding, assembly, packing, etc.

Agriculture

Robotics have found use in agriculture, increasing efficiency in tasks such as harvesting, seeding, weed control, etc.

Healthcare

Robotics are used in medical procedures and operations due to their potential for increased precision.

Space exploration

Robots can operate in environments that are too dangerous or require too many resources to send human astronauts. The most well-known robot examples in space exploration are likely the series of rovers and landers exploring Mars and gathering data on the planet not currently possible by humans.

Underwater exploration

Robots can explore parts of the ocean, including the deep ocean, which would be too dangerous for human exploration. Due to the high pressure, submarines can dive to specific depths and further exploration has been performed using robots controlled remotely.

Companies
Drones
Space robotics
Underwater robotics
Autonomous vehicles
Cleantech
Other

Timeline

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Andy Rubin

Brian Gerkey

Colin Angle

Cynthia Breazeal

Daniela Rus

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

The grand challenges of Science Robotics

Guang-Zhong Yang, Jim Bellingham, Pierre E. Dupont, Peer Fischer, Luciano Floridi, Robert Full, Neil Jacobstein, Vijay Kumar, Marcia McNutt, Robert Merrifield, Bradley J. Nelson, Brian Scassellati, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Russell Taylor, Manuela Veloso, Zhong Lin Wang, Robert Wood

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

Marc Raibert

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Brian Heater
May 28, 2021
TechCrunch
The events of the past year have only served to accelerate interest in all things robotics and automation. It's a phenomenon we've seen across a broad range of categories, and automotive is certainly no different. Of course, carmakers are no strangers to the world of robotics. Automation has long played a key role in manufacturing, [...]
Research and Markets
April 12, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- The "Global Artificial Intelligence & Robotics for Defense, Market & Technology Forecast to 2027" report has been added to...
Hypersen Technologies
April 12, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- From April 12th to 16th, Hypersen Technologies is attending Hannover Messe 2021 Digital Edition. Hypersen is showcasing its intelligent optical...
Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
January 11, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- The Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Taiwan's largest and one of the world's leading high-tech applied research institutions,...
International Federation of Robotics
December 16, 2020
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- The 2020 Award for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Robotics & Automation (IERA) goes to Photoneo's high resolution MotionCam-3D. This 3D...
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References

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