Phenomics is the systematic study of phenotypes, physical and chemical characteristics that result from interactions between genes and environment, on a genome-wide scale. A phenome is a set of observable or measurable phenotypes. Phenomics is a multidisciplinary field involving fields such as genetics, systems biology and machine learning.
In contrast to the human genome, which consists of 3 billion bases made of 4 nucleic acids organized in a one dimensional space, the human phenome contains an unknown number of elements with variation and dimensionality only partly understood. The scientific understanding of genes and genomic variation is restricted by a narrow range of methods to assess phenotypes allowing only certain anatomical and behavioral traits to be recorded, which is often done manually. Phenomics aims to get a more in-depth and unbiased assessment of phenotypic profiles at the whilewhole organism level.