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Paul Morphy

Paul Morphy

Paul Morphy was an American lawyer and chess player. Although there was no formal world chess championship in the 1850s when Morphy was active, he is widely regarded as the strongest player of his era.

Notable Games

The Opera Game

In 1858, Morphy played white against the team of Charles II, Duke of Brunswick and Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues during a performance of Norma at Salle Le Peletier:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. dxe5 Bxf3 5. Qxf3 dxe5 6. Bc4 Nf6 7. Qb3 Qe7 8. Nc3 c6 9. Bg5 b5 10. Nxb5! cxb5 11. Bxb5+ Nbd7 12. O-O-O Rd8 13. Rxd7 Rxd7 14. Rd1 Qe6 15. Bxd7+ Nxd7 16. Qb8+! Nxb8 17. Rd8#

Morphy vs. Worrall, 1857

In 1857, Morphy played white against Thomas Herbert Worrall during a simultaneous exhibition. As was common in his games, Morphy gave odds, starting the game without the queen's knight on c1.

1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. Bc4 g4 5. d4 gxf3 6. O-O Bh6 7. Qxf3 Nc6 8. Bxf7+ Kxf7 9. Qh5+ Kg7 10. Bxf4 Bxf4 11. Rxf4 Nh6 12. Raf1 Qe8 13. Qh4 d6 14. Qf6+ Kg8 15. Qxh6 Bd7 16. R4f3 Ne7 17. h4 Ng6 18. h5 Bg4 19. hxg6 hxg6 20. Rf8+ Qxf8 21. Rxf8+ Rxf8 22. Qxg6#

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