A field of research that explores the modeling and building of “self-architecturing” systems and focuses on the programmability and controllability of self-assembling agents. The field models self-organization in biological systems with a view to export their self-formation capabilities to engineered systems.
One of the goals of stem cell biologycell biology is to understand gene regulatory networks and cell-cell interactions for the purpose of engineering of morphogenesis. Tissue engineering and 3D cell culture techniques have been used to produce organoids and other forms of self-organizing tissues including synthetic mouse embryos. Manipulation of transcription factors, proteins the regulate genes can be used to induce morphogenesis.