Metastable innershell molecular state (MIMS) is a class of ultra-high-energy short-lived molecules have the binding energy up to 1,000 times as large and the bond length down to 1/100th of what can be found in typical molecules.
Specifically, the extensive analyses of the data that relate to hard X-ray generating collisions have resulted in a universal law (Z2–dependency) of the binding energybinding energy of the homonucleus MIMS bound by K-shell electrons (K-MIMS). Here Z is the atomic number of the constituent atoms of the K-MIMS. Bae further developed a unified theory to elucidate the Z2-dependent behavior of the homonucleus K-MIMS, which behaves much like the helium excimer molecule: He2*. The MIMS theory also predicted a 1/Z dependency law for the bond length of the homonucleus K-MIMS. Based on the MIMS theory, the uranium K-MIMS, for example, is predicted to have 1/100th the bond length, 2,000 times the binding energy, and 5,000 times the characteristic X-ray energy compared to the He excimer molecule. The predicted bond lengths of the bismuth and uranium K-MIMS are in excellent agreement with that estimated from the experimental results by researchers at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt, Germany
It was not until 2008 that Bae was able to unlock the mystery of the anomalous BNL signals owing to emerging sciences of the stellar materials. In the analysis of the BNL signals, Bae discovered that a new class of ultra-high-energy metastable molecules that are bound by inner-shell electrons was responsible for the signals and named the molecules Metastable Innershell Molecular State (MIMS). Further, Bae discovered that the observed energy conversion efficiency via MIMS from the nanoparticle kinetic energykinetic energy to the radiation energy was as high as 40%, thus proposed that MIMS can enable a new generation of ultra-high efficiency compact X-ray generators.
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