A melonpan (メロンパン, meronpan) (also known as melon pan, melon bun or melon bread) is a type of sweet bun from Japan, made from an enriched dough covered in a thin layer of crisp cookie dough. Their appearance resembles a melon, such as a rock melon (cantaloupe).
Melon pan has its roots in what’s called kashi pan in Japanese, meaning “sweets bread.” Kashi pan really started in 1874 when a TokyoTokyo baker named Kimura Yasube came up with anpan, a bread stuffed with sweet adzuki bean paste (an).
One theory is that it is called melonpan because the cookie crust topping that resembles a musk melon rind. Musk melons were luxury fruits in the first part of the 20th century in JapanJapan. By making bread that looked like these expensive fruits, bakers could make bread with a luxury image.