Medical foods are foods that are specially formulated and intended for the dietary management of a disease that has distinctive nutritional needs that cannot be met by normal diet alone.
Foltx manufactured by Pamlab is a tablet containing folic acid, pyridoxine and cyanocobalamin which is marketed for hyperhomocysteinemia, which is linked to cardiovascular disease.
Not considered a medical food by the US FDA, NiteBite, manufactured previously by ICN Pharmaceuticals and now by Optim Nutrition, is a snackbar designed to prevent hypoglycemia, and contains three sources of glucose that are absorbed at different times.The US FDA does not consider products such as this that aid in management of blood sugar as medical foods since, “There are no distinctive nutritional requirements associated with the management of diabetes mellitus” and “A regular diet can be modified to meet the needs of an individual affected by DM (along with appropriate drug therapy if necessary)”.
IBgard containing I-Menthol, the main component in peppermint oil, developed by IM HealthScience to treat irritable bowel syndrome, is a capsule that releases ultra-purified peppermint oil in the small intestine.
VSL#3, developed and manufactured in Italy and distributed by Sigma-Tau Healthscience USA and VSL Pharmaceuticals, is a probiotic which treats IBS, ulcerative colitis and patients with an ileal pouch. Capsules contain eight live freeze-dried bacteria which normally reside in the human gastrointestinal tract.
Hominex-2 manufactured by Abbott Nutrition is a powdered methionine-free formula for children and adults with vitamin B6-nonresponsive homocystinuria and hypermethioninemia, conditions that result in excess of the amino acid methionine.