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Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.

American clergyman, activist, and leader in the american civil rights movement

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite a nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one of the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a religious upbringing. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspired by Mohandas Gandhi's success with non-violent resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.

Timeline

February 21, 1965
Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City
December 10, 1964
Martin Luther King becomes the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway for his efforts to end segregation and racial discrimination through non-violent means.
August 4, 1964
Three civil rights workers were killed on a trip through Philadelphia, Mississippi. Their names were James Chaney who was black and Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner who were both white
July 2, 1964
Dr. King invited to the White House while President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Accommodation and Fair Employment sections to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
March 26, 1964
Dr. King meets Malcolm X
January 3, 1964
Time Magazine honors Dr. King as "Man of the Year"
November 22, 1963
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated
September 18, 1963
The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama is attacked
September 15, 1963
Four little girls are killed when a bomb explodes inside the church where the children are seated. Later Dr. King delivers a eulogy for three of the girls
September 1, 1963
Dr. King publishes his second book, The Strength to Love
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Patents

Further Resources

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News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Emmanuel Ocbazghi
January 15, 2021
Business Insider
Georgetown professor Michael Eric Dyson reveals what a lot of people get wrong about Martin Luther King Jr.
Press Trust of India
July 30, 2020
@bsindia
The bill would establish an exchange initiative between the United States and India to study the work and legacies of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr
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