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Liquid democracy

Liquid democracy

A system of governance that combines direct and representative voting.

Liquid democracy, also called "delegative democracy", is a model for democratic consensus that combines both direct voting with personally-designated proxy voting.

Participants preselect designated representatives, called "delegates". These can be changed at any time. Then, whenever an issue comes up for a vote, each individual has the choice to vote directly. But if they don't vote directly — because they don't have the time, feel qualified, or any other reason — their delegate gets an extra vote on their behalf.

These additional votes can be passed transitively. Thus, if 5 people delegate to Alice, who's delegated to Bob, and neither Bob nor his 5 constituents choose to vote, Alice could vote for all 7 of them.

This system has the property that it can recreate the expert-driven ideal of elected representative democracy, while simultaneously allowing direct participation for individuals that want to be more involved.

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People

Name
Role
Related Golden topics

Camilo Casas

David Ernst

Further reading

Author
Title
Link
Type

Bryan Ford

 Delegative Democracy

Academic paper

David Ernst

The Liquid Blog

Dominik Schiener

Liquid Democracy: True Democracy for the 21st Century

Rohan Dixit

The Internet Party: How technology can disrupt politics and re-invent government

Steve Hardt, Lia C. R. Lopes

Google Votes: A Liquid Democracy Experimenton a Corporate Social Network

Academic paper

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

Liquid Democracy with Google Votes

March 12, 2014

Liquid Democracy with Santiago Siri

Apr 1, 2017

Liquid Democracy: Governance for the 21st Century

Oct 4, 2017

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

Democracy Earth

Santiago Siri

United Vote

David Ernst

San Francisco

LiquidFeedback

Democracy Earth

United Vote