Golden
Latin

Latin

Indo-european language of the Italic family. Primary language of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire.

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: [ˈliŋɡwa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire. 

Language History

By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin. Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus and Terence. 



Late Latin is the written language from the 3rd century and Medieval Latin was used from the 9th century to the Renaissance which used Renaissance Latin.



Later, Early Modern Latin and New Latin evolved. Latin was used as the language of international communication, scholarship and science until well into the 18th century, when it began to be supplanted by vernaculars. 



Ecclesiastical Latin remains the official language of the Holy See and the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church. Latin is taught in primary, secondary and postsecondary educational institutions around the world. Latin is a highly inflected language, with three distinct genders, up to seven noun cases, five declensions, four verb conjugations, three tenses, three persons, three moods, two voices, two or three aspects and two numbers.



The following is a conventional chronology for the language and literature:

  • Archaic through Early Republican Period (down to ca. 80 BC)
  • Late Republican and Augustan period (the "Golden Age") (80 BC - 14 AD)
  • Post-Augustan Period (the "Silver Age") (14 - 138 AD)
  • Patristic Period (late 2nd-5th centuries)
  • Medieval Period (6th-14th centuries)
  • Renaissance (15th century)



The Golden Age can be divided into:

  • Ciceronian Period (80 - 43 BC)
  • Augustan Period (43 BC - 14 AD)

Influence on Other Languages

Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. The English language has also derived many words from Latin. In particular, Latin (and Ancient Greek) roots are used in English descriptions of theology, biology, science, medicine and law. 

Timeline

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Further reading

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The Official Wheelock's Latin Series Website



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News

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Date
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Description
Caitlin Hotchkiss
December 6, 2019
BetaKit
The SaaS Weekly is a weekly newsletter covering major SaaS news from Canada and around the globe.
Darrell Etherington
October 23, 2019
TechCrunch
UK-based lunar rover startup Spacebit, a company developing robotic exploration hardware for use on the Moon, announced two new partners that will help it develop and finalize its technology ahead of its target mission date of 2021. The Ecuadorian Civilian Space Agency (EXA) and Mexico's Dereum will be providing the technology that Spacebit will employ [...]
July 17, 2019
WebWire
We announced that renowned hitmakers Bad Bunny and Nicky Jam would be headlining the next installment in our ¡Viva Latino! Live series in the vibrant metropolis of Miami. Today that lineup is growing to include some of the hottest rising stars in the business: Rosalía, Sebastián Yatra, and Sech. Each artist brings their own growing momentum to the show, touting a combined 53.4 million monthly listeners on Spotify. , , , , , , • Rosalía has catapulted to stardom since be...
Reportlinker
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www.prnewswire.com:443
NEW YORK, Feb. 13, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Acetaldehyde in Tons. The Global market is further analyzed by the...
Live Nation Entertainment
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www.prnewswire.com:443
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 11, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Latin music's most iconic duo, Wisin & Yandel, announced their first U.S. tour today since their five-year hiatus...

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