The Gran Sasso National Laboratory is a laboratory dedicated to researching and studying neutrino and astro-particle physics. The laboratory was founded in 1951 by a group of researchers from the universities of Rome, Padau, Torino, and Milan. The laboratory is located in L'Aquila, Abruzzo, Italy.
The labs' research activities are inspired from international competition and collaborations with Italian universities. The research is focused on five areas, namely sub-nuclear physics, astro-particle physics, nuclear physics, theoretical physics, and technological and inter-disciplinary research. More specifically, the Gran Sasso National Laboratory is known for research activities in neutrino physics, dark matter, nuclear astrophysics, earth physics, biology, and fundamental physics.
With the outbreak of COVID-19 (coronavirus), the laboratory has halted their research in dark matter to study the virus. They have also seen the need for medical ventilators as more coronavirus cases have grown, and the most serious cases cause patients to need assistance with breathing. They have designed a new mechanical ventilator that is meant to be mass-produced and to utilize low-cost components.
The ventilator's design was led by Cristiano Galbiati at Princeton University, as well as some of his colleagues from DarkSide. The ventilator is similar to a design from 1961 from Roger Manley, to be basic but reliable. Named the Mechanical Ventilator Milano, it is compact and requires few parts. They expect prototypes to be ready by March 27-28, 2020.
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Gran Sasso National Laboratory
L'Aquila, Abruzzo, Italy
- Cluster: COVID-19A cluster of topics related to COVID-19. COVID-19 is the abbreviated name for coronavirus disease 2019, a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus strain called SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 was first detected in Wuhan City, China and the outbreak was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020 by the WHO.
- CoronavirusCDC Coronavirus: Coronaviruses are common throughout the world. They can infect people and animals. Five different coronaviruses can infect people and make them sick. They usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory illness.