Joe Biden

Joe Biden

47th Vice President and 46th President of the United States.

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January 21, 2021

Joe Biden signs 17 executive orders on first day in Oval Office, reversing Trump's wall and rejoining Paris climate deal - latest news
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January 20, 2021

How Joe Biden's 2021 inauguration day will compare to past ceremonies
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Joe Biden

47th Vice President and 46th President-electPresident of the United States.

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Born November 20, 1942, Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was the 47th vice president and the 46th president-electpresident of the United States, defeating Donald J. Trump in the November 2020 U.S. election, and will bewas inaugurated as the oldest president in history on January 20th, 2021. Biden formerly served as the United States vice president during the Obama Administration from 2009-2017.

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Throughout his campaign, Biden struggled to raise financial support for his campaign in contrast to high-profile candidates such as BarrackBarack Obama Obama and HilaryHillary Clinton Clinton. He placed fifth in the Iowa Caucasus causing him to withdraw from the race that evening.

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After the nomination, Biden received negative attention from the Catholic Bishop in Scranton, PAScranton, PA, who demanded heBiden be barred from receiving communion due to his changed stance on abortion, which had once been pro-life, but shifted to being pro-choice. Despite this call-to-action, Biden remained able to receive communion at his local parish in Delaware. Biden made statements to the public that he did agree with the church that life began at the time of conception, but that he felt it unjust to force his Catholic beliefs on others.

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In addition to the vice president position, Biden had also run for reelection in the Senate in Delaware, which was permitted by state law. Biden also won his re-election, defeating his running opponent Christine O’DonnellChristine O’Donnell. After winning both races, Biden deferred from resigning as a senator and became the youngest senator to be elected for seven consecutive full-terms. He cast his last vote to the Senate on January 15, 2009, before tendering his Senate resignation later that same day.

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Biden began traveling between the U.S. and IraqIraq on a bi-monthly basis, acting as the face for communication between the U.S. and Iraqi leadership regarding expected progress. In Biden’s January 2010 visit to Iraq, amidst the controversy of banned candidates from the upcoming Iraqi parliamentary election, he was able to have 59 candidates reinstated by the Iraqi government. By 2012, Biden had made eight trips to Iraq, but after removing U.S. troops in 2011, his oversight of U.S. policy in Iraq was greatly reduced.

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Biden maintained involvement in the Swine FluSwine Flu response in 2009 and helped develop the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, signed into law on March 23, 2010, by President Obama.

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During the 2010 mid-term elections, Biden campaigned heavily for Democrats, attempting to off-set the prediction of mass-loss for the Democratic party. Following the Republican gains in the mid-term elections, Biden’s relationship with Republican law-makers became more pivotal. Biden was responsible for leading the New START Treaty’s successful adaptation, a treaty that focused on reducing nuclear weapons between the U.S. and Russia. It was signed on April 8, 2010, in Prague, but took effect after ratification in February of 2011 with expiration in 2021. In December of 2010, after negotiations with then-Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnell, a temporary extension of the Bush tax cuts were developed. Biden took the package to the Democrats and argued for it, resulting in the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010.

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In March of 2011, Obama delegated Biden the task of leading negotiations between the White House and Congress regarding federal spending levels to avoid a government shut down. In May of 2011, a panel of six individuals assembled to reach a bipartisan agreement on raising the U.S. debt ceiling as part of a deficit-reduction plan. Mitch McConnell and Biden’s relationship again proved pivotal in breaking the deadlock between parties, and the Budget Control Act of 2011Budget Control Act of 2011 was signed on August 2, 2011.

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Obama asked Biden to run alongside him for a second presidential term during the 2012 campaign for reelection. The White House Chief of Staff, at the time, conducted secret polls to haveevaluate election outcomes by replacing Biden replaced with HilaryHillary Clinton for the campaign. Still, the polls showed no improvement in Obama’s reelection outcomeodds. White House staff noted that Obama never considered or entertained the idea of replacing Biden with Clinton.

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In December of 2012, Obama appointed Biden to head the Gun Violence Task Force to address gun violence in the United States in the wake of the December 14, 2012, Sandy Hook School shootingSandy Hook School shooting in Newtown, ConnecticutNewtown, Connecticut. Later that month, the U.S. again experienced a significant economic struggle, and the Biden-McConnell relationship again proved useful in passing the American Tax Payer Relief Act of 2012American Tax Payer Relief Act of 2012.

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In 2013 Biden’s Violence Against Women ActViolence Against Women Act was reauthorized. The act resulted in other developments for women, including, The White House Counsel on Women and Girls and the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. Biden was the co-chair of the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. As a result, he spent time on various college campuses discussing federal guidelines on sexual assault.

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In March of 2016, Biden spoke at the American Isreal Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)American Isreal Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) Policy Conference, where he stated the U.S. was committed to the Israeli state’s survival. The statement came after a 2015 incident where Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell and Speaker of the House John Boehner arranged a meeting with Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister. The pair failed to notify the Obama administration, which was an abuse of power and defiance of protocol that led to 50 Congressional Democrats skipping the speech.

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In September of 2019, President Donald Trump called on the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, to investigate Joe and Hunter BidenHunter Biden, alleging wrongdoing by the Biden pair. Despite allegations, no substantial evidence was produced to prove there had been any misconduct. Major media interpreted this accusation as an attempt to hurt the Biden campaign and distract from Trump’s recent presidential impeachment by the House of Representatives.

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Sanders announced he was dropping out of the race on April 8, 2020, and endorsed Biden for president on April 13, 2020, via live-stream video conference between the two. Barack Obama gave his endorsement for Biden the following day in a video message, April 14, 2020. In March of 2020, Biden had announced and committed to having a female running mate but didn’t announce who until August. On August 11, 2020, the Biden campaign announced Kamala Harris as Biden’s pick for vice president and running mate, making her the first African-American and South-East Asian woman vice-presidential nominee on a major party ticket. On August 18, 2020, at the Democratic National ConventionDemocratic National Convention, Biden was formally confirmed as the Democratic Party nomination for the 2020 presidential election.

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In November of 2020, Joseph R. Biden Jr. was elected the 46th president of the United States, defeating the incumbent Republican candidate and sitting president, Donald J. TrumpDonald J. Trump, making Trump the first president to lose reelection since George H.W. BushGeorge H.W. Bush in 1992. Biden is the second non-incumbent vice president (after Richard Nixon) to win the presidency and the first president to be elected from Delaware.

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Days after the conclusion of the election, Biden assembled a COVID-19 task force. He pledged a larger government response to the COVID-19COVID-19 pandemic than the Trump administration that includes more testing, a steady supply of personal protective equipment, distribution of a vaccine, and funds for schools and hospitals. Additionally, Biden pledged to use the Defense Production ActDefense Production Act more aggressively to build up supplies and employ 100,000 contact tracers for outbreaks of COVID-19.

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Edits on 28 Nov, 2020
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Born November 20, 1942, Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was the 47th vice presidentvice president and the 46th president-elect of the United States, defeating Donald J. Trump in the November 2020 U.S. election, and will be inaugurated as the oldest president in history on January 20th, 2021. Biden formerly served as the United States vice president during the Obama Administration from 2009-2017.

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In March of 2011, Obama delegated Biden the task of leading negotiations between the White House and CongressCongress regarding federal spending levels to avoid a government shut down. In May of 2011, a panel of six individuals assembled to reach a bipartisan agreement on raising the U.S. debt ceiling as part of a deficit-reduction plan. Mitch McConnell and Biden’s relationship again proved pivotal in breaking the deadlock between parties, and the Budget Control Act of 2011 was signed on August 2, 2011.

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Neilia Hunter and Joe Biden met while Biden was on a spring break vacation in Nassau, Bahamas. Shortly after, Biden began his education for his Juris Doctor at Syracuse University, where Hunter was studying to become a teacher. The couple wed on August 27, 1966, and had three children, Joseph Robinette “Beau” III, Robert Hunter “Hunter,” and Naomi Christina “Amy” Biden. In 1968, the couple moved to Wilmington, Delaware, where Biden began work at a law firmlaw firm and later ran for the United States Senate in Deleware.

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Trump again alleged and falsely accused Biden of getting the Ukrainian prosecutor general Viktor Shokin fired. Trump claimed Shokin had been investigating the Biden family ties to Burisma HoldingsBurisma Holdings, a former Hunter Biden employer. Trump also accused Biden of withholding $1 billion in aid from Ukraine, but in 2015 Biden had urged the Ukrainian government to fire Shokin due to corruption and ineffectively performing his job. The $1 billion in funding was withheld in accordance with the official policy at the time.

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In 2007, Biden announced his candidacy for the 2008 presidential electionpresidential election. His main focus points during the campaign were as follows:

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  • Foreign policyForeign policy experience
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In November of 2020, Joseph R. Biden Jr. was elected the 46th president of the United States, defeating the incumbent Republican candidate and sitting president, Donald J. Trump, making Trump the first president to lose reelection since George H.W. Bush in 1992. Biden is the second non-incumbent vice president (after Richard NixonRichard Nixon) to win the presidency and the first president to be elected from Delaware.

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Biden’s first role was as chairman of the Obama administration transition team while also leading an initiative to improve the middle class’s economic well-being. On January 20, 2009, he was sworn in as the 47th vice president of the United States by Associate Justice John Paul StevensJohn Paul Stevens. Biden was the first vice president to hail from Delaware and the first Roman Catholic vice president.

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Biden poses with then-Supreme Court nominee Clarence ThomasClarence Thomas (1991)
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In September of 2019, President Donald TrumpDonald Trump called on the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, to investigate Joe and Hunter Biden, alleging wrongdoing by the Biden pair. Despite allegations, no substantial evidence was produced to prove there had been any misconduct. Major media interpreted this accusation as an attempt to hurt the Biden campaign and distract from Trump’s recent presidential impeachment by the House of Representatives.

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On November 11, 2020, Biden appointed Ron Klain as his White House Chief of Staff and on November 23, 2020, announced his first national security nominations and appointees, which included Antony Blinken as Secretary of State, Alejandro Mayorkas as Secretary of Homeland Security, Avril Haines as Director of National Intelligence, Jake Sullivan as National Security Advisor, Linda Thomas-Greenfield as United States Ambassador to the United Nations, and former Secretary of State John KerryJohn Kerry as the Special Presidential Envoy for Climate.

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In May of 2009, Biden visited Kosovo and confirmed the U.S. position that Kosovo’s independence was irreversible. By June of 2009, Biden had lost an international debate against then-Secretary of State, Hilary Clinton, regarding the shipment of 21,000 troops to AfghanistanAfghanistan. Despite the loss, Biden’s views were valued by President Obama, and later in 2009, the Afghanistan strategy was reconsidered.

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In March of 2016, Biden spoke at the American Isreal Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) Policy Conference, where he stated the U.S. was committed to the Israeli state’s survival. The statement came after a 2015 incident where Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell and Speaker of the House John BoehnerJohn Boehner arranged a meeting with Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister. The pair failed to notify the Obama administration, which was an abuse of power and defiance of protocol that led to 50 Congressional Democrats skipping the speech.

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Another primary focus in Biden’s first ten years as a senator was arms control, which prohibited foreign bodies from developing small arms or mass destruction weapons. Biden met with the Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko to voice the American people’s concerns in regards to the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II (SALT II). When the Reagan administration wanted to interpret the SALT I treaty loosely to allow the Strategic Defense Initiative development, Biden urged the administration to adhere to the treaty strictly. Later Biden received attention when he criticized the Secretary of State, George Schulz, at a Senate hearing for the Reagan administration’s support of South AfricaSouth Africa, despite the country’s apartheid.

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On November 11, 2020, Biden appointed Ron Klain as his White House Chief of Staff and on November 23, 2020, announced his first national security nominations and appointees, which included Antony Blinken as Secretary of State, Alejandro Mayorkas as Secretary of Homeland Security, Avril Haines as Director of National Intelligence, Jake SullivanJake Sullivan as National Security Advisor, Linda Thomas-Greenfield as United States Ambassador to the United Nations, and former Secretary of State John Kerry as the Special Presidential Envoy for Climate.

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On December 18, 1972, just after Biden became a U.S. senator-elect, Neilia Biden was driving with her children, Amy, Hunter, and Beau, to pick out a Christmas tree. While at an intersection on Delaware Route 7Delaware Route 7, she unintentionally pulled out in front of a tractor-trailer truck going north-bound. Neilia and her three children were transported to Wilmington General Hospital; Neilia and Amy were pronounced dead on arrival. Hunter and Beau received treatment for severe injuries at the hospital. Joe Biden swore into the senate for the first time on January 3, 1973, at Wilmington General, remaining by his children’s sides while they healed.

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