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Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson

American baseball player

Jack Roosevelt Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he started at first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947. When the Dodgers signed Robinson, it heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

During his 10-year MLB career, Robinson won the inaugural Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for six consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers' 1955 World Series championship.

In 1997, MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams; he was the first professional athlete in any sport to be so honored. MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, "Jackie Robinson Day", for the first time on April 15, 2004, on which every player on every team wears No. 42.

Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, and his talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation that had then marked many other aspects of American life. He influenced the culture of and contributed significantly to the civil rights movement. Robinson also was the first black television analyst in MLB and the first black vice president of a major American corporation, Chock full o'Nuts. In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York. After his death in 1972, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his achievements on and off the field.

Timeline

October 24, 1972
Jackie Robinson died of a heart attack (aged 53) in Stamford, Connecticut
1962
Robinson inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame
1956
Jackie Robinson he was traded to the New York Giants, but decides to retire from major league baseball
1950
He became a vocal supporter of Martin Luther King Jr. and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
1949
Named the National League's Most Valuable Player
1947
Jackie Robinson brought to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers and became the first black on major league team. He suffered considerable racial abuse
1946
Robinson married Rachel Isum, a nursing student he had met at UCLA
1945
Robinson begins baseball career with Kansas City Monarchs, a negro team and was then recruited by Branch Rickey to play for minor league Montreal Royals
1944
He was honourably discharged in November 1944 following an ankle injury
1943
Private Robinson was commissioned as a second lieutenant

Patents

Further Resources

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

The Jackie Robinson Reader: Perspectives on an American Hero.

Robinson, Jackie; Jules Tygiel,

1997

Celebrating Black History with Jackie Robinson (Cartoon Jackie Robinson Story)

Web

February 4, 2016

Jackie Robinson

Web

December 18, 2018

Jackie Robinson - Royals to Obamas

Web

February 11, 2016

Jackie Robinson (AMAZING MLB Baseball Sports Documentary)

Web

May 28, 2014

News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Sirius XM Holdings Inc.
April 12, 2021
www.prnewswire.com:443
/PRNewswire/ -- Major League Baseball and SiriusXM have expanded their agreement to include additional streaming rights starting with the 2021 MLB season. For...
Kevin Webb
February 9, 2021
Business Insider
Look back on decades of Black excellence with these biopics and documentaries based on African American artists, activists, athletes, and heroes.
Telegraph reporters
August 29, 2020
The Telegraph
Boseman, who played King T'Challa in the Marvel hit, had cancer for four years and did not speak about it publicly
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