Golden
Indonesia

Indonesia

Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia (/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə, /-ˈniːziə/ -⁠NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. It has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam,[18][19] while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Although sometimes interrupted by the Portuguese, French and British, the Dutch were the foremost European power for much of its 350-year presence in the archipelago. In early 20th century, the concept of "Indonesia" as a nation state emerged, and independence movements began to take shape.[20] During the decolonisation of Asia after World War II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP. Indonesia is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the UN,[a] WTO, IMF and G20. It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Timeline

August 17, 1945

Independence Day

People

Name
Role
LinkedIn

Joko Widodo

President



Jusuf Kalla

Vice President



Further reading

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Documentaries, videos and podcasts

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Companies

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Telkom Indonesia







News

Title
Author
Date
Publisher
Description
Ian Morse
February 26, 2020
www.nytimes.com
Hyper-accumulating plants thrive in metallic soil that kills other vegetation, and botanists are testing the potential of phytomining.
Press Trust of India
February 22, 2020
@bsindia
It also said screening at airports is now being planned for flight passengers coming to India from Kathmandu, Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia from Monday
Reuters Editorial
February 19, 2020
IN
Indonesia's Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati on Wednesday submitted a proposal to parliament to levy excises on sugar - and artificially sugar-sweetened drinks as well as vehicles that emit carbon dioxide.
Reuters
February 18, 2020
@bsindia
Chinas top regulator of state-run companies said in a Tuesday briefing that the outbreak has caused difficulties on some overseas projects and investments
Rajesh Bhayani
February 18, 2020
@bsindia
Newer opportunities such as exporting to Indonesia are being thrown up but early closure of mills could be an issue
Jason Cartwright
February 14, 2020
techAU
Delivering the best of technology news from Australia and around the globe since 2006.
Karen McVeigh and Emma Graham-Harrison
February 14, 2020
the Guardian
People wear precautionary facemasks while travelling through Tanah Abang station in Jakarta, Indonesia. Photograph: Ajeng Dinar Ulfiana/Reuters
February 14, 2020
Geekologie
This is a video of a female blanket octopus (you can tell it's a female because blanket octopuses have the most extreme size-related sexual dimorphism of any non-microscopic animal with females growing up to 2-meters and males only reaching...
Maikel Jefriando
February 11, 2020
IN
Indonesia plans to loosen rigid rules on mandatory severance compensation in a new bill aimed at improving the investment climate in Southeast Asia's biggest economy, an official and a source with knowledge of the issue said.
Reuters Editorial
February 7, 2020
IN
Indonesia and Malaysia, the world's top palm oil producers, accused the European Union on Friday of unfairly targeting palm oil under a plan to impose new limits on levels of contaminants considered harmful to health in vegetable oils and fats.
Reuters Editorial
February 3, 2020
IN
The world's top palm oil producer Indonesia exported a record 36.18 million tonnes of palm oil and its products, including biodiesel and oleochemical last year, data from the Indonesia Palm Oil Association (GAPKI) showed on Monday.
Reuters Editorial
January 30, 2020
IN
Indonesian government plans to remove old coal-fired power plants with plants using renewable energy, the country's Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Arifin Tasrif said on Thursday.
Krishna N. Das
January 24, 2020
IN
Indonesia has agreed to immediately increase imports of Indian buffalo meat, sugar and auto parts after India boosted purchases of Indonesian palm oil amid a spat with rival supplier Malaysia, two Indian government sources with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters on Friday.
January 23, 2020
Geekologie
This is a video from Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia of a barge (carrying what appears to be an adult sized version of the Tonka excavator playset I always wanted growing up), breaking in half and sinking, but not before...
Mei Mei Chu
January 21, 2020
IN
Average palm oil prices will surge 17.9% this year, a Reuters poll of industry participants showed, as reduced output in the first half of the year and higher biodiesel consumption in top producers Indonesia and Malaysia tighten the market.
Press Trust of India
January 20, 2020
@bsindia
More than 3,000 global leaders will assemble here this week as stakeholders for a cohesive and sustainable world
Edna Tarigan
January 17, 2020
CTVNews
Japan's SoftBank is offering to invest $30 billion to $40 billion in the development of a new Indonesian capital, an official said Friday.
Bernadette Christina
January 17, 2020
U.S.
SoftBank has offered to invest up to $40 billion in the new capital city Indonesia plans to build on Borneo island, a minister said on Friday, though the Japanese tech conglomerate said no figure had been suggested yet.
Press Trust of India
January 16, 2020
@bsindia
The Finance Ministry will take the final decision on imposing the duty
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References