Illumina is headquartered in San Diego, California and was founded in 1998 by David Walt, John Stuelpnagel, Anthony Czarnik, Lawrence Bock, and Marck Chee, to develop, manufacture, and commercialize DNA sequencing technologies. The company is a global provider of DNA sequencing instruments, reagents, and services, that serve biotechnology markets such as DNA sequencing, genotyping, gene expression analysis, and proteomics. Illumina's customers are pharmaceutical companies, educational institutions, research scientists, biotechnology companies, and clinical research organizations.
Illumina has two distinct business units. The first focuses on life science related products and services such as DNA sequencing, bead arrays, vera-codes, and PCR technologies. The second unit focuses on the development and sale of technologies related to medical diagnostics.
According to Wired magazine, in 2016 Illumina's DNA sequencing machines perform 90% of global DNA sequencing. The director of global public relations for Illumina in 2016 told reporters, "We are at a tipping point in genomics, where a broad community of scientists and researchers continue to translate the potential of the genome from science to discoveries and applications" and believes DNA sequencing technologies made by Illumina will continue to be in high demand around the world well into the future.
DNA sequencing machines made by Illumina are based off DNA sequencing technologies developed by Solexa in the early to mid 2000's. Illumina acquired Solexa in 2007 for $600 million after Solexa successfully built a next generation sequencing machine that could sequence 1 gigabase (Gb) of data in a single run of the machine.
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- DNA sequencingThe process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.
- CompanyA company, abbreviated 'co.', is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural, legal, or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
- Cluster: Synthetic biologyA cluster of topics related to synthetic biology.
- BiotechnologyBiotechnology can refer to the application of science and technology to living organisms or the use of living organisms, their parts, products or models thereof to solve a problem, produce knowledge or produce goods and services. Biotechnology may involve the alteration of living or non-living materials.