Humanoid robot

Humanoid robot

Robot with its body shape built to resemble that of the human body

All edits

Edits on 8 Jul, 2020
Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+9 events) (+1277 characters)
Timeline

2014

SoftBank Robotics releases its Pepper robot commercially

December 2013

DARPA Robotics Challenge ranks the top 16 humanoid robots

Participants in the DARPA-sponsored challenge competed for a prize pool of $2 million. The leading team, SCHAFT, was bought by Google.

2010

NASA and General Motors reveal Robonaut 2

Robonaut 2 was a humanoid robot included in the payload for a Space Shuttle Discovery mission which launched on February 24, 2011. Robonaut 2 was designed to perform simple tasks during spacewalks.

2008

Work on Salvius starts

Salvius was the first open source robot to be built in the U.S. Made of salvaged parts, the humanoid robot was designed to perform a number of domestic tasks.

2005

Hanson Robotics releases the PKD Android

The Philip K. Dick Android is a humanoid robot modeled after science fiction writer Philip K. Dick. Hanson Robotics debuted the robot at Wired Nextfest in 2005.

2000

Honda releases ASIMO, a bipedal robot which is able to run.

1991

Honda develops the P1 (Prototype Model 1) through P3, robots with upper limbs.

Honda developed these robots through 1997.

1986

Honda develops a series of bipedal robots given the names E0 (Experimental Model 0) through E6.

1980

Marc Raibert establishes the MIT Leg Lab, which focuses on researching legged movement and developing legged robots capable of locomotion.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+2/-1 events) (+1041/-1007 characters)
Timeline

1984

Waseda University develops WABOT-2

Research and development work into WABOT-2 started in 1980. Researchers set the objective of playing a keyboard piano, which they deemed a sufficiently "intelligent task" for their robot to accomplish. Because of the relatively constrained nature of the task, the WABOT-2 was considered a "specialist robot." WABOT-2 was capable of conversing in Japanese, reading sheet music with its electronic "eye", and playing music using its mechanical hands.

1972

Waseda University initiates the WABOT project

In 1972, the research group completed the WABOT-1, widely considered to be the first full-scale humanoid intelligent robot. Using external receptors, artificial ears and eyes, and an artificial mouth, the WABOT-1 was able to communicate with a person in Japanese and measure distances and directions to objects. The WABOT-1 moved with its lower limbs, capable of grasping and moving objects with hands that used touch sensors. It's been estimated the WABOT-1 had the mental faculty of an 18 month-old human child.

1967

Waseda University initiates the WABOT project

In 1972, the research group completed the WABOT-1, widely considered to be the first full-scale humanoid intelligent robot. Using external receptors, artificial ears and eyes, and an artificial mouth, the WABOT-1 was able to communicate with a person in Japanese and measure distances and directions to objects. The WABOT-1 moved with its lower limbs, capable of grasping and moving objects with hands that used touch sensors. It's been estimated the WABOT-1 had the mental faculty of an 18 month-old human child.

Research and development work into WABOT-2 started in 1980. Researchers set the objective of playing a keyboard piano, which they deemed a sufficiently "intelligent task" for their robot to accomplish. Because of the relatively constrained nature of the task, the WABOT-2 was considered a "specialist robot." WABOT-2 was capable of conversing in Japanese, reading sheet music with its electronic "eye", and playing music using its mechanical hands.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+1 events) (+1007 characters)
Timeline

1967

Waseda University initiates the WABOT project

In 1972, the research group completed the WABOT-1, widely considered to be the first full-scale humanoid intelligent robot. Using external receptors, artificial ears and eyes, and an artificial mouth, the WABOT-1 was able to communicate with a person in Japanese and measure distances and directions to objects. The WABOT-1 moved with its lower limbs, capable of grasping and moving objects with hands that used touch sensors. It's been estimated the WABOT-1 had the mental faculty of an 18 month-old human child.

Research and development work into WABOT-2 started in 1980. Researchers set the objective of playing a keyboard piano, which they deemed a sufficiently "intelligent task" for their robot to accomplish. Because of the relatively constrained nature of the task, the WABOT-2 was considered a "specialist robot." WABOT-2 was capable of conversing in Japanese, reading sheet music with its electronic "eye", and playing music using its mechanical hands.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+1 events) (+497 characters)
Timeline

1941

Issac Asimov formulates the Three Laws of Robotics

First Law: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.

Second Law: A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.

Third law: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law

With the publication of The Three Laws also added the word "robotics" to the English lexicon.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+1 events) (+529 characters)
Timeline

1928

Electric-powered robot named "Eric" opens an exhibition at the Society of Model Engineers at the Royal Horticultural Hall in London

Eric is considered the first British robot. It was constructed by Captain William Richards and aircraft engineer Alan Reffell. At the opening of the event at the Royal Horticultural Hall, Eric rose to his feet, bowed, and gave an opening speech which lasted four minutes.

Eric required two people to operate and his "voice" was played through a speaker, which received signal using a radio antenna.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline
Timeline

January 25, 1921

The play, which premiered on January 25, 1921, introduced the word "robot" to the English language. "Robot" came to largely replace other words like "android" or "automaton" in common usage. Čapek later credits his brother Josef for inventing the word, which is derived from the Czech word rozum, which roughly translate in English to "reason" or "wisdom".

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Timeline (+4 events) (+1934 characters)
Timeline

January 25, 1921

Karel Čapek introduces the word "robot" in his play Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti (Rossum's Universal Robots)

The play, which premiered on January 25, 1921, introduced the word "robot" to the English language. "Robot" came to largely replace other words like "android" or "automaton" in common usage. Čapek later credits his brother Josef for inventing the word, which is derived from the Czech word rozum, which roughly translate in English to "reason" or "wisdom".

1738

Jacques de Vaucanson completes The Flute Player, a humanoid robot capable of playing a flute

Gaby Wood, writing in her 2002 book about androids, Living Dolls: A Magical History Of The Quest For Mechanical Life, describes the mechanism:

"Nine bellows were attached to three separate pipes that led into the chest of the figure. Each set of three bellows was attached to a different weight to give out varying degrees of air, and then all pipes joined into a single one, equivalent to a trachea, continuing up through the throat and widening to form the cavity of the mouth. The lips, which bore upon the hole of the flute, could open and close and move backwards or forwards. Inside the mouth was a moveable metal tongue, which governed the air-flow and created pauses."

1495

Leonardo da Vinci designs a robot knight, consisting of a full suit of armor with articulated joints, powered by a system of gears and wheels.

da Vinci's robot was programmable and was capable of making a number of movements including sitting down, standing up, moving its head, lifting its visor, and playing drums.

In 2002, roboticist Mark Rosheim built a prototype of the robotic knight. Rosheim noted how da Vinci had designed the robotic knight to be easily constructed, without a single unnecessary part. Rosheim also used da Vinci’s designs as inspiration for robots he developed for NASA.

50

Greek mathematician Hero of Alexandria describes a machine which automatically pours wine for party guests.

Jason D. Rowley
Jason D. Rowley edited on 8 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Further reading (+1 rows) (+3 cells) (+94 characters)
Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type
Date

Humanoid Robots | RIA Service Robots

Web

Edits on 6 Jul, 2020
Holden Page
Holden Page edited on 6 Jul, 2020
Edits made to:
Article
Article

Edits on 29 Jun, 2020
Carla Faraguna
Carla Faraguna approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 29 Jun, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+5/-5 characters)
Article

Robotics engineers worldwide worked to roll a number of humanoid robots in the healthcare field to help hospital staff care for patients. A field hospital staffed by humanoid robots was opened in WuhanWuhan, China in March 2020.

Carla Faraguna
Carla Faraguna approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 29 Jun, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+12/-12 characters)
Article

In October 2017, the humanoid robot Sophia, produced by Hanson Robotics, was granted citizenship in Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia. Sophia serves as the Innovation Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme.

Edits on 29 Jun, 2020
Andrew Craig
Andrew Craig edited on 29 Jun, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+1779 characters)
Companies (+26 rows) (+26 cells) (+381 characters)
Categories (+2 topics)
Related Topics (+1 topics)
Topic thumbnail

Humanoid robot

Robot with its body shape built to resemble that of the human body

Article

Humanoid robots are robots built to resemble the human body, with a head, torso, two arms and two legs. Humanoid robots use an array of sensors, actuators, and artificial intelligence and robotics engineering to perform tasks in the scientific research applications, space exploration, personal assistance, healthcare, hospitality, education, entertainment, search and rescue, manufacturing, maintenance, and public relations.

Humanoid robots have been produced by a number of universities and academic research labs, as well as private sector companies like Honda, Toyota, Hanson Robotics, PAL Robotics, Agility Robotics, Samsung Technology and Advanced Research (STAR) Labs, Macco Robotics, Engineered Arts, and SoftBank Robotics.

In October 2017, the humanoid robot Sophia, produced by Hanson Robotics, was granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia. Sophia serves as the Innovation Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme.

Appearance

Humanoid robots may only exhibit sections of the human body, for example, from the waist up. One of the most distinctive attributes of the humanoid robot is the ability to replicate human function in the arms and bipedal walking ability in the legs.

Some humanoid robots may also feature human facial features.

COVID-19

Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic in 2020, the use of humanoid robots increased as companies attempted to cope with staffing deficiencies and social distancing requirements globally.

Robotics engineers worldwide worked to roll a number of humanoid robots in the healthcare field to help hospital staff care for patients. A field hospital staffed by humanoid robots was opened in Wuhan, China in March 2020.

Humanoid robots were also rolled out in the manufacturing, logistics, and retail sectors during the pandemic.

Companies

Company
CEO
Location
Products/Services

Agility Robotics

Alphabet Inc

Barrett Technology

Canonical Group

Dyson

Embodied

Fonazione Istituo Italiano

Hanson Robotics

Harvest Automation

Honda Motor Company

Intuitive Robots

Kindred Systems

Kondo Kagaku

Macco Robotics

PAL Robotics

Rethink Robotics

Robosavvy

Robotis

Samsung

Sastra Robotics

Shadow Robot Company

Toyota Motor Corporations

Ubtech

Waseda University

Page 1 of 2
Categories
Related Topics
Edits on 27 Feb, 2020
Golden AI"Attach Wikidata entity ID"
Golden AI edited on 27 Feb, 2020
Edits made to:
Infobox (+1 properties)
Infobox
Wikidata entity ID
Q584529
Edits on 1 Jan, 2017
Golden AI"Initial topic creation"
Golden AI created this topic on 1 Jan, 2017
Edits made to:
Description (+66 characters)
Article
Topic thumbnail

 Humanoid robot

Robot with its body shape built to resemble that of the human body

Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.