The electronic industry is the brainchild of the scientific and technological revolution, the role of the scientific potential of countries and firms in the development of new (innovative) types and types of its products and the creation of advanced production technologies is extremely great. This predetermined close cooperation between research institutions and manufacturing enterprises. In the conditions of market competition, it was necessary to drastically reduce the time cycle from product development to its release. This was done in technopolises (such as the famous Silicon Valley in the USA). They practically do not have a territorial (and hence temporal) gap between scientific research and production, thereby achieving high economic efficiency of the entire cycle - from the moment a new idea appears to the mass production of goods.
- Electronics ManufacturingElectronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) is a term used for companies that design, manufacture, test, distribute, and provide return/repair services for electronic components and assemblies for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The concept is also referred to as Electronics Contract Manufacturing (ECM).