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Denial-of-service attack

Denial-of-service attack

Cyber attack that involves spamming a network to tie up its resources and make it unusable or inaccessible.

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Jude Gomila
Jude Gomila approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 27 Nov 2018 10:26 pm
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  • GitHubGitHub - In February 2018, the popular code hosting service, GitHub, faced a DoS attack of record-breaking proportions. The max traffic volume reached as high as 1.35 terabits per second.
Jude Gomila
Jude Gomila approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 27 Nov 2018 5:15 pm
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  • US Banks - 6 banks in the US - including Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, and CitigroupCitigroup - were the victims of a DoS attack in 2012. Attackers reached peak traffic volumes of more than 60 gigabits per second.
Daniel Frumkin"Added section on History of DoS attacks and edited final header."
Daniel Frumkin edited on 27 Nov 2018 12:56 pm
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DoS attacks come from single computers with one internet connection that are specially rigged for the purposes of the attack. 

History of DoS Attacks

DoS attacks do occur in the real world. A few examples include:

  • University of Illinois - The first ever DoS attack occurred in 1974 at the hands of a 13-year-old high school student named David Dennis. Dennis went to the Computer-Based Education Research Laboratory (CERL) at the University of Illinois and sent the 'ext' command to 31 computers at once, forcing all of the computer's users to shut down and restart their computers.
  • US Banks - 6 banks in the US - including Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, and Citigroup - were the victims of a DoS attack in 2012. Attackers reached peak traffic volumes of more than 60 gigabits per second.
  • GitHub - In February 2018, the popular code hosting service, GitHub, faced a DoS attack of record-breaking proportions. The max traffic volume reached as high as 1.35 terabits per second.
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DoS attacks come from single computers with one internet connection that are specially rigged for the purposes of the attack. 



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The examples in the History of DoS Attacks section were actually DDoS attacks with numerous coordinated participants.

AreLegality of DoS and DDoS attacks legal?Attacks

Edits on 26 Nov 2018
Jude Gomila
Jude Gomila approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 26 Nov 2018 5:12 pm
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DoS and DDoS attacks are illegal and attackers can be charged with crimes depending on their location. In the US, these attacks violate the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA). In the UK, DDoS attacks are outlawed by the Computer Misuse Act of 1990. In the European UnionEuropean Union, the Cybercrime Convention Committee has criminalized DDoS attacks as well. Laws exist in many other countries around the world making DDoS attacks criminal acts. 

Daniel Frumkin"Added to description, wrote article, added text and video resources for further research."
Daniel Frumkin edited on 26 Nov 2018 3:59 pm
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Denial-of-service attack

Cyber attack

Cyber attack that involves spamming a network to tie up its resources and make it unusable or inaccessible.

Article

Denial of service attacks - (DoS for short) - are a type of cyber attack in which malicious actors will intentionally spam a website / network with a large quantity of illegitimate messages or transactions in order to overwhelm the network and make it inaccessible to those who need it. 



DoS attacks are like online traffic jams. Networks and servers are only capable of handling so much traffic at once, just as highways and roads can only handle so many vehicles at once. If you stuff too many vehicles onto the road, none of them can move and traffic grinds to a halt. Likewise, if you exceed the traffic capacity of a network or sever, nobody can access it until the traffic goes back down to supported levels.



DoS attacks come from single computers with one internet connection that are specially rigged for the purposes of the attack. 

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks

Another variation of DoS attacks is the DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack. In these attacks, there are multiple computers with different IP addresses spamming the target network. DDoS attacks are more difficult to defend against because having multiple IP addresses makes it more difficult to catch the attack with spam filters.

Are DoS and DDoS attacks legal?

DoS and DDoS attacks are illegal and attackers can be charged with crimes depending on their location. In the US, these attacks violate the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA). In the UK, DDoS attacks are outlawed by the Computer Misuse Act of 1990. In the European Union, the Cybercrime Convention Committee has criminalized DDoS attacks as well. Laws exist in many other countries around the world making DDoS attacks criminal acts. 

Further reading

Title
Author
Link
Type

5 Most Famous DDoS Attacks | A10 Networks



Web

The Impact of Denial of Service Attacks



Web

What is a Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attack? | Cloudflare



Web

Documentaries, videos and podcasts

Title
Date
Link

DDoS Attacks as Fast As Possible

June 2, 2015

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Cyber attack

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