COCONUT is one of those wonderful fruits that provide human needs for useful components and have many health benefits. By the way, this nut can even save a life. Few people know that it lowers sugar and cholesterol levels, saves from dehydration, and in some extreme cases, its juice can be used as a replacement for blood plasma. And that's not all the amazing facts about this product.
Coconuts are the fruits of coconut palms growing on tropical sea coasts. An adult tree reaches up to 30 m in height, while the diameter of the column rarely exceeds 40 cm.
The name of the fruit in Portuguese means "monkey". Someone once noticed that the spotted walnut is very similar to the muzzle of a monkey. That's how the name of the tree appeared. Although the fruits of this palm tree are commonly called nuts, but in fact it is a drupe. It consists of an upper fibrous layer, a hard shell, and the white fleshy pulp consumed is the seed of the fruit. The liquid inside the nut is scientifically called the endosperm, and it is part of the seed. Over time (during the ripening of the fetus), this the liquid turns into a yellowish oily substance. A ripe coconut can weigh from 1.5 to 2.5 kg.
It is difficult to say when and where the first coconut palm appeared on the planet. Although it is clear that her homeland is warm countries, presumably Malaysia. Wild trees are common in both hemispheres, but for industrial purposes this palm is grown in Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, as well as in the Philippines.
NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND COMPOSITION It's hard to believe, but not so long ago coconut had a pretty bad reputation. It was believed that these nuts cause blockage of arteries, increase cholesterol and provoke the development of heart diseases. Today, however, humanity already knows that these wonderful fruits are extremely nutritious, rich in fiber, essential vitamins and minerals. Coconut water is a natural source of electrolytes, which are necessary for proper hydration of muscles and nerve cells. The liquid in coconuts contains almost no calories, carbohydrates and fats, but it is rich in B vitamins, ascorbic acid and proteins. But the crumb of the fruit, on the contrary, is an exceptional source of healthy fats, and also contains many minerals, vitamins and amino acids. Coconut oil is a source of natural lipids, including saturated ones with an average chain length, and these substances are useful for improving metabolism and getting rid of excess weight.
The inhabitants of ancient India knew about the health benefits of coconuts. They used the plant as an antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and immuno-strengthening agent. But humanity discovered a more complete list of the advantages of this fruit relatively recently – when researchers began to study its chemical composition and effect on the cells of the body. One of the most amazing abilities of the coconut was discovered during the Second World War. In the Pacific region, doctors faced with a shortage of blood plasma used pure coconut water from young nuts instead of the necessary substance to save the lives of soldiers. It turned out that its composition is almost identical to the chemical formula of human blood . Moreover, coconut liquid is ideal for people with any blood type.
Due to their unique properties, coconuts can be useful in the following cases: strengthening the immune system; supplying the body with energy and increasing physical endurance; regulating cholesterol; improving digestion; stabilizing glucose levels; activating insulin production; fighting cancer; restoring the proper functioning of the thyroid gland; preventing diseases of the bladder and kidneys; fighting viruses; regulating hormonal levels; losing weight; improving metabolism; getting rid of bacteria; fighting infections; improving memory; protection of hair and skin from ultraviolet radiation and early aging.
< strengthening the immune system;
< supplying the body with energy and increasing physical endurance;
< regulating cholesterol;
< improving digestion;
< stabilizing glucose levels;
< activating insulin production;
< fighting cancer;
< restoring the proper functioning of the thyroid gland;
< preventing diseases of the bladder and kidneys;
< fighting viruses;
< getting rid of bacteria;
< regulating hormones;
< losing weight;
< improving metabolism;
< fighting infections;
< improving memory;
< protecting hair and skin from ultraviolet radiation and early aging.