Cluster: Quantum technology

Cluster: Quantum technology

A cluster of topics in quantum technology with applications outside of quantum computing.

All edits by  Meredith Hanel 

Edits on 21 Jan, 2020
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 21 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+3 rows) (+3 cells)
Article
...
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 21 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+12 rows) (+12 cells) (+21/-11 characters)
Article
...
...
...
  • QuantumX
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 21 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article
Article

Quantum photonics

Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 21 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+3 rows) (+3 cells)
Article
...
Edits on 16 Jan, 2020
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 16 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+115/-49 characters)
Article
Other quantum technology applications
...
Aerospace and defense
  • Northrop Grumman
Communication, cryptography and cryptographysecurity
  • Atos
  • AT&T
  • Crypto Quantique
  • Maxitech
  • Nokia
...
Quantum materials and processors
...
  • NASA
Edits on 14 Jan, 2020
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 14 Jan, 2020
Edits made to:
Article (+256 characters)
Article

The following are common and/or foundational terms and concepts related to quantum technology.

...
  • Cadmium selenide , found in LED and other lighting applications
...
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
...
  • MEXT Q-LEAP (Japan)
  • National Innovation and Science Agenda (Australia)
  • The National Quantum Initiative (NQI) (USA)
  • The Quantum Technologies Flagship (European Union)
Edits on 20 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 20 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+26 characters)
Article
  • semiconductor quantum dots
Edits on 19 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 19 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (-260 characters)
Article
Quantum simulation

Quantum computing is bringing forth the opportunity to run virtual simulations instead of physically conducting experiments in a laboratory in areas such as drug discovery, material production and manufacturing, finance and traffic analysis.

Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 19 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+463/-12 characters)
Article

In communication, transmittance of information such as data or video calls can be packaged and secured using quantum methods. Quantum communication generates and uses quantum states and resources for communication protocols with applications in secure communication, long-term secure storage, cloud computing and other cryptography-related tasks. Quantum communication also applies to a secure future ‘quantum web’ involving quantum resources like entanglement, nonlocality, randomness and connecting remote devices and systems. Typically, protocols are built on quantum random number generators (QRNG) for secret keys and quantum key distribution (QKD) for their secure distribution.

...

Quantum computing is bringing forth the opportunity to run virtual simulations instead of physically conducting experiments in a laboratory in areas such as drug discovery, material production and manufacturing, finance and traffic analysis.

...
  • Huawei
  • IBM
  • ID QuantiqueID Quantique
  • Telefónica
  • Toshiba
...
  • Bosch
  • Honeywell
  • HP
  • Microsemi
  • QLM Technology
  • Texas Instruments
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 19 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+834/-206 characters)
Article

The field of quantum technologiesquantum technologies is comprised of quantum communication, quantum simulation, quantum computation, quantum sensing and metrology. Technologies are being developed that address individual quantum states and use quantum properties such as superposition and entanglement. This cluster of topics relate to quantum technology applications outside of quantum computing. Quantum technology is expected to have applications in personalized medicine, natural resource exploration, environmental monitoring and secure communications. For topics specific to quantum computing topics please see Cluster: Quantum Computing.

...
Quantum Communicationcommunication and Cryptographycryptography
...
Quantum Opticsoptics
...
Quantum Sensors
Quantum sensors and measurement

Quantum sensors may be used to measure electric, magnetic or gravitational fields, as well as other properties including temperature, acceleration, rotation or pressure. Gravimeters are a type of quantum sensor that uses cold atoms to measure the strength of gravity and can be used for sensing what is underground with applications in surveying for oil, minerals, monitoring volcanoes and construction. Quantum sensors are also used in diagnostics such as clinical breath analysis and environmental monitoring.

...
  • Quantum-logic clock (NIST)
  • Strontium clock (NIST)
Imaging

Cameras that detect single photons efficiently are able to “see” around corners by using laser pulses which scatter and bounce off objects and re-enter the camera’s field of view. Images are then built up indirectly based on the returning photon patterns.

  • Entanglement-enhanced microscope
  • Ghost imaging
Quantum Simulationsimulation
...
  • Entanglement-enhanced microscope
  • Quantum-logic clock (NIST)
  • Strontium clock (NIST)
...
Biotechnology and pharmacology
...
  • Quantum Xchange
Medicine and diagnostics
  • Qnami
Quantum materials
  • Quantum Material
Semiconductor electronics
  • Qnami
...
  • ColdQuanta
  • Quantum Detectors
...
Edits on 18 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 18 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+397/-24 characters)
Article
  • Loop quantum gravity
  • Quantum gravity
...

Quantum communication generates and uses quantum states and resources for communication protocols with applications in secure communication, long-term secure storage, cloud computing and other cryptography-related tasks. Quantum communication also applies to a secure future ‘quantum web’ involving quantum resources like entanglement, nonlocality, randomness and connecting remote devices and systems. Typically, protocols are built on quantum random number generators (QRNG) for secret keys and quantum key distributionquantum key distribution (QKD) for their secure distribution.

...
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Quantum Simulation
...
Biotechnology and pharmacology
...
  • Acronis
  • ID Quantique
...
  • Russian Quantum Center
Edits on 16 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 16 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+51 characters)
Article
  • superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID)
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 16 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+621 characters)
Article

Gravimeters are a type of quantum sensor that uses cold atoms to measure the strength of gravity and can be used for sensing what is underground with applications in surveying for oil, minerals, monitoring volcanoes and construction. Quantum sensors are also used in diagnostics such as clinical breath analysis.

  • lidar for self-driving cars
  • quantum accelerometer
  • quantum cascade laser
  • quantum dots
  • quantum gravity sensor (gravimeter) or cold atom gravity sensor
  • rubidium
...
  • M Squared (Glasgow)
...
  • The Gravity Pioneer project (UK consortium of scientific and engineering companies and university researchers)
  • Quantum sensors group (NIST)
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 16 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+406 characters)
Article
  • Luminescent quantum dots (LQDs)
...

Quantum optics is the study of the quantum properties of light. Quantum technologies as a scientific field came from quantum optics, which provided the tools to study the foundations of quantum mechanics with precision. Many ideas were tested through the interaction between an isolated atom and a light field. Quantum optics combined fundamental physics with applications to technology. As a candidate to implement quantum technology photons have the advantage of not requiring cryogenic temperatures and the environment does not affect them very much. They do require precise alignment of an optical setup.

  • Integrated photonic circuits (photonic chips or photonic integrated circuits)
  • Integrated quantum photonics
  • Quantum photonics
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 16 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+898 characters)
Article
Quantum technology materials and fabrication
...

Quantum dots

Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconducting nanocrystals lacking toxic heavy metals. QDs are efficient light emitters that may be used in displays, solar cells and light-emitting diodes. The small size of quantum dots is about 1-100 nanometers and they are composed of a core and shell or multiple shell layers.

  • Cadmium selenide , found in LED and other lighting applications
  • cadmium telluride
  • colloidal quantum dots
  • electron beam lithography
  • gallium arsenide
  • InP/ZnSe/ZnS quantum dot light-emitting diodes
  • Molecular beam epitaxy
  • II-V-semiconductors: made of elements of main group III of the periodic table (boron, aluminium, gallium, indium) and main group V (nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, bismuth)
  • II-VI- semiconductors: made of elements of transition metal group II (zinc, cadmium) and main group VI (oxygen, sulphur, selenium, tellurium)
  • Silicon (SiQDs)
  • Zinc oxide

Edits on 13 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 13 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+1448/-295 characters)
Article

The field of quantum technologies is comprised of quantum communication, quantum simulation, quantum computation, quantum sensing and metrology. Technologies are being developed that address individual quantum states and use quantum properties such as superposition and entanglement. This cluster of topics relate to quantum technology applications outside of quantum computing. Quantum technology is expected to have applications in personalized medicine, natural resource exploration, environmental monitoring and secure communications. For topics specific to quantum computing topics please see Cluster: Quantum Computing.

...
  • Coherence
  • Quantum field theory (QFT)
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Twistronics
...
  • Two-dimensional (2D) materials
  • Twistronics
  • Two-dimensional (2D) materials
...
Companies
  • Crypta Labs
  • KETS Quantum Security
  • Post-Quantum
Research groups
  • InfiniQuant
  • NIST Post-Quantum Cryptography Standardization project
Quantum Optics

Quantum optics is the study of the quantum properties of light. Quantum technologies as a scientific field came from quantum optics, which provided the tools to study the foundations of quantum mechanics with precision. Many ideas were tested through the interaction between an isolated atom and a light field. Quantum optics combined fundamental physics with applications to technology.

  • Atom optics: A branch of quantum optics that aims to use quantum coherences of atomic motion with applications in sensors, accelerometers and atomic clocks
  • Cavity quantum electrodynamics (cavity QED)
  • Gaussian states
  • The Jaynes–Cummings model (JCM)
  • Quantisation of energy
  • Photon
  • Sir Peter Knight
  • Spontaneous parametric down-conversion (also known as SPDC, parametric fluorescence or parametric scattering)
  • Squeezed state of light
...
  • Apogee Instruments
  • Qnami - applications in medical imaging (MRI) and semiconductors
  • Atomionics - applications in navigation
...
Companies
Communication and cryptography
  • Crypta Labs
  • KETS Quantum Security
  • Post-Quantum
Sensors
  • Apogee Instruments
  • Atomionics - applications in navigation
  • Qnami - applications in medical imaging (MRI) and semiconductors
Research groups and initiatives
  • InfiniQuant
  • NIST Post-Quantum Cryptography Standardization project
  • Transformative Quantum Technologies (TQT) - University of Waterloo
Edits on 12 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 12 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+271/-140 characters)
Article
  • Bell's Theorem
  • Integrated quantum photonics
  • Nanolaser
  • Quantum actuator
  • Quantum Quantum superpositionalgorithm
  • Quantum photonics
  • Richard Feynman
  • Quantum algorithm
  • qubits
  • Quantum actuator
  • Quantum Quantum photonicssuperposition
  • Integrated quantum photonics
  • qubits
  • Richard Feynman
  • Twistronics
  • Twistronics
  • Nanolaser
...
Other quantum technology applications
  • Entanglement-enhanced microscope
  • Quantum-logic clock (NIST)
  • Strontium clock (NIST)
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 12 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+1034 characters)
Article

Quantum technologies utilize quantum superposition and entanglement. Only certain materials allow these fragile quantum phenomena to last long enough or be sufficiently controllable to be useful for encoding or processing information. The following materials are of interest in quantum technology because they allow electron spin to be manipulated and measured.

  • Two-dimensional (2D) materials
  • Diamonds with nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers, also called nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers
  • Diamond metalens
  • hexagonal boron nitride
  • materials modified by doping
  • materials with point defects
  • Silicon: linking spin qubits associated with luminescent defects in silicon with photon qubits
Filters for superconducting quantum circuits

Superconducting quantum circuits are sensitive to electromagnetic interference and thermal radiation, leading to quantum decoherence, an undesirable phenomenon. The following materials are of interest as filters because they decrease coherence times and are compact.

  • carbon nanotubes in a lossy transmission line filter

Edits on 3 Dec, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 3 Dec, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+36 characters)
Article
Quantum technology materials
  • Graphene
Edits on 1 Oct, 2019
Meredith Hanel
Meredith Hanel edited on 1 Oct, 2019
Edits made to:
Article (+9 characters)
Article
  • Nanolaser
Golden logo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0; additional terms apply. By using this site, you agree to our Terms & Conditions.