Chimeric antigen receptor

Chimeric antigen receptor

A lab engineered receptor designed to bind certain proteins, such as surface proteins on cancer cells, that is added to immune cells for immunotherapy strategies such as directing T cells to fight cancer.

Edit ID  10166534 

Jude Gomila
Jude Gomila approved a suggestion from Golden's AI on 2 Mar, 2019
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The first CAR-T treatment was approved by the FDA in 2017 and there are several in clinical trials. CAR-T has been successful in treating hematological malignancies. US FDA approved CAR-T therapies include CD19-targeting CAR-T cells, tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah-Novartis) in leukemia and lymphoma and axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta – Kite) in lymphoma. Challenges to CAR-T including toxicity due to attacking non-cancer cells, "clonal escape" due to diversity of cancer cellscancer cells, dosing, immunosuppression (turning off) of the T-cells, and T-cell apoptosis (cell death).

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