A carboxylic acid is an organic acid that contains a carboxyl group (C(=O)OH) attached to an R-group. The general formula of a carboxylic acid is R−COOH or R−CO2H, with R referring to the alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, or other group. Carboxylic acids occur widely. Important examples include the amino acids and fatty acids. Deprotonation of a carboxylic acid gives a carboxylate anion.
- EsterChemical compounds consisting of a carbonyl adjacent to an ether linkage
- AmineClass of organic compounds that are derivatives of ammonia
- Alcohol (chemistry)Alcohol , an organic compound in which a hydroxyl group is bound to a carbon atom
- AlkylAlkane (saturated hydrocarbon) missing one hydrogen atom