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Broad Agency Announcement

The Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) is a United States government technique used to solicit proposals from external organizations.


The Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) is a United States government notice used to request scientific and research proposals from external organizations. Government agencies use Broad Agency Announcements to aggregate proposals for review, select contracts for funding, and acquire basic and applied research. Funding can be provided through contracts, grants, cooperative agreements, and other transactions. Proposals may be submitted by non-governmental entities, including higher education institutions, consortia and commercial firms.

BAA announcements are posted via, the US government's official website for managing federal awards. They generally contain a brief explanation of interest, cost reduction methods for potential partners, notice history and updates, related attachments, response deadlines, award information, and eligibility requirements. BAAs also contain details for procedure on the external company's research, except for research related to the development of a specific system or hardware. This means that in exchange for the contract or grant, the government regulates the procedures for research and receives general scientific and technical knowledge related to the third-parties' applied research.

Broad Agency Announcements are used by a wide array of US government organizations, with requests submitted from large departments (Department of Defense), specific agencies (National Institute of Health), sub-tiers of larger groups (AFWERX), and individual offices.

US Military

The US military uses BAAs as a key tool in obtaining scientific and technical research, offering funding in exchange for information gained by third-party contractors. This practice plays an integral part of the Department of Defense's (DoD) Innovation Ecosystems, a collection of departments and agencies with the goal of utilizing the commercial market to find and explore the latest advances in dual use technologies.


The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs are two initiatives used by branches to fund and stimulate technological innovation. SBIR programs have a focus on strengthening small business's roles in research and development and increasing commercial applications for military-supported research through funding grants.

BAAs for SBIR and STTR funding opportunities are scheduled prior to being published on program websites and and can be found via the Defense SBIR/STTR Innovation Portal (DSIP).

Types of Contract Opportunities and Notices

Broad Agency Announcements are categorized and tagged based on the reason for the posting, milestones, and edits associated with the request. The following categories describe the type of request being made.

  • Solicitation
  • Award notice
  • Presolicitation
  • Sources sought
  • Special notice
  • Justification
  • Modification/amendment/cancellation
  • Combined synopsis/solicitation

Presolicitation references requests for meetings prior to issuing the solicitation to involve potential offerers in the acquisition process. Justification references explain awarded BAAs and the reasoning behind the agency's choice. Sources Sought references are additional requests for market analysis or surveys and are not requests for quotes or proposals.




Further reading


35.016 Broad agency announcement. | Acquisition.GOV

U.S. Government

Web | Home

U.S. Government


April 22, 2021

Broad Agency Announcement

U.S. Air Force


April 22, 2021

Broad Agency Announcement Schedule

Defense SBIR/STTR Innovation Portal


DARPA Guide to Broad Agency Announcements and Research Announcements



November 2016

DoD Innovation Ecosystem | AiDA

Acquisition in the Digital Age (AiDA)


April 22, 2021

Documentaries, videos and podcasts





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