An autonomous vehicle, or a driverless vehicle, is one that is able to operate itself and perform necessary functions without any human intervention, through its ability to sense its surroundings.
An autonomous vehicle, or a driverless vehicle (self-driving vehicle), is one that is able to operate itself and perform necessary functions without any human intervention, through ability to sense its surroundings.
Autonomous Vehicle are currently categorized by level of autonomy. There are 6 autonomy levels (level 0-level 5).
Level 0: The human driver does all the driving.
Level 1: An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) on the vehicle can sometimes assist the human driver with either steering or braking/accelerating, but not both simultaneously.
Level 2: An ADAS on the vehicle can itself actually control both steering and braking/accelerating simultaneously under some circumstances. The human driver must continue to pay full attention (“monitor the driving environment”) at all times and perform the rest of the driving task.
Level 3: AN ADAS can perform all parts of the driving task in some conditions, but the human driver is required to be able to regain control when requested to do so by the ADAS. In the remaining conditions, the human driver executes the necessary tasks.
Level 4: The ADAS is able to perform all driving tasks independently in certain conditions in which human attention is not required.
Level 5: The ADAS on the vehicle can do all the driving in all circumstances. The human occupants are just passengers and need never be involved in driving.