Compact region at the center of a galaxy that has a much higher than normal luminosity over at least some portion – and possibly all – of the electromagnetic spectrum
Most, if not all, normal galaxies have a supermassive black holesupermassive black hole at their center. In an active galaxy, its supermassive black hole is accreting material from the galaxy's dense central region. As the material falls in toward the black hole, angular momentum will cause it to spiral in and form into a disk. This disk, called an accretion disk, heats up due to the gravitational and frictional forces at work.